The Messengers of “Justice”

14 There is nothing surprising in that, for the Adversary himself masquerades as an angel [messenger] of light [of justice -‘light’ is a Hebrew metaphor for discernment of justice]; 15 so it’s no great thing if his workers masquerade as servants of righteousness [dikaiosune – justice]. They will meet the end their deeds deserve. 2 Corinthians 11:14-15 CJB

1 ADONAI’s arm is not too short to save, nor is his ear too dull to hear [the cries of the innocent]. 2 Rather, it is your own crimes that separate you from your God; your sins have hidden his face from you, so that he doesn’t hear. 3 For your hands are stained with [innocent] blood and your fingers with crime; your lips speak lies, your tongues utter wicked things. 4 No one sues with just cause, no one pleads honestly in court, they trust in empty words and say worthless things; they conceive trouble and give birth to evil. 5 They hatch viper eggs and spin spiderwebs; whoever eats their eggs dies, and the crushed egg hatches a snake. 6 Their webs are useless as clothing, their deeds are useless for wearing; their deeds are deeds of wickedness, their hands produce violence. 7 Their feet run to evil, they rush to shed innocent blood, their thoughts are thoughts of wickedness, their paths lead to havoc and ruin. 8 The way of shalom [the way of life] they do not know, their goings-about obey no law, they make devious paths for themselves; no one treading them will ever know shalom. 9 This is why justice is far from us, and [so] righteousness doesn’t catch up with us; we look for light, but see only darkness, for brightness, but we walk in gloom. 10 We grope for the wall like the blind; like people without eyes we [precariously] feel our way; we stumble at noonday as if it were dusk, we are in dark places like the dead. 11 We growl, all of us, like bears [hungering for justice] and moan pitifully like doves [singing their ‘rain song’ – thirsting for justice]; we look for justice, but there is none [to be seen]; for salvation, but it is far from us. 12 For our crimes multiply before you, our sins testify against us; for our crimes are present with us; and our sins, we know them well: 13 rebelling and denying ADONAI, turning away from following our God, talking about oppression and revolt, uttering lies which our hearts have conceived. 14 Thus justice is repelled, righteousness stands apart [as one scorned], at a distance; for truth stumbles in the public court, and uprightness cannot enter. 15 Honesty is lacking, he who leaves [the] evil [way] becomes a target [of the wicked]. ADONAI saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice. 16 He saw that there was no one, was amazed that no one interceded [on behalf of the innocent]. Therefore his [God’s] own arm [Yeshua] brought him salvation [Acts 4:12], and his own righteousness [right justice] sustained him [Romans 3:22]. 17 He put on righteousness as his breastplate [Ephesians 6:14], salvation as a helmet on his head [Ephesians 6:17]; he clothed himself with garments of vengeance and wrapped himself in a mantle of zeal. 18 He repays according to their deeds — fury to his foes, reprisal to his enemies; to the coastlands he will repay their due; in the west they will fear the name of ADONAI, and likewise, in the east, his glory. For he will come like a pent-up stream, impelled by the Spirit of ADONAI. 20 “Then a Redeemer will come to Tziyon, to those in Ya’akov who turn from rebellion.” So says ADONAI. 21 “And as for me,” says ADONAI, “this is my covenant with them: my Spirit [of justice], who rests on you [Yeshua], and my words which I put in your mouth will not depart from your mouth or from the mouth of your children, or from the mouth of your children’s children, now or ever,” says ADONAI. Isaiah 59 CJB

4 As long as it is day, we must keep doing the work of the One who sent me [the work of justice – Zechariah 7:9-12]; the night is coming, when no one can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” John 9:4 CJB

2 The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light [of true discernment for justice – Yeshua] will shine on them. Isaiah 9:2 CJB

39 Yeshua said, “It is to judge that I came into this world, so that those who do not see might see, and those who do see might become blind.” 40 Some of the P’rushim [Jewish lawyers] nearby heard this and said to him, “So we’re blind too, are we?” 41 Yeshua answered them, “If you were blind, you would not be guilty of sin. But since you still say, ‘We see, ‘your guilt remains. John 9:39-41 CJB


[My commentary in brackets]

The Future Resting Place of Justice (Jerusalem)

4 Don’t be afraid [barren Zion – Isa. 54:1], for you won’t be ashamed; don’t be discouraged, for you won’t be disgraced. You will forget the shame of your youth, no longer remember the dishonor of being widowed. 5 For your husband is your Maker, ADONAI-Tzva’ot is his name. The Holy One of Isra’el is your Redeemer. He will be called the God of all the earth. 6 For ADONAI has called you back like a wife abandoned and grief-stricken; “A wife married in her youth cannot be rejected,” says your God. 7 “Briefly I abandoned you, but with great compassion I am taking you back [and you will bear children for justice]. 8 I was angry for a moment [when you strayed from my Torah] and hid my face from you; but with everlasting grace I will have compassion on you,” says ADONAI your Redeemer. Isa. 54:4-8 CJB

11 “Storm-ravaged [city] [of Zion], unconsoled, I will set your [foundation] stones in the finest way [My Yeshua – My salvation – will be the chief cornerstone], lay your foundations [Psa. 89:14] with sapphires [Rev. 21:19], 12 make your windows shine with rubies, your gates with garnet [Rev. 21:21] your walls with gemstones [Rev. 21:18]. 13 All your children will be taught [Torah – for the proper administration of justice] by ADONAI; your children will have great peace [which is the fruit of justice]. 14 In righteousness you will be established, far from oppression, with nothing to fear; far from ruin, for it will not come near you. Isa. 54:11-14 CJB

9 One of the seven angels having the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues approached me and said, “Come! I will show you [the City of Righteousness] the Bride, the Wife of the Lamb.” 10 He carried me off in the Spirit to the top of a great, high mountain and showed me the holy city, Yerushalayim, [Zion married] coming down out of heaven from God. 11 It had the Sh’khinah of God, so that its brilliance was like that of a priceless jewel, like a crystal-clear diamond. 12 It had a great, high wall with twelve gates; at the gates were twelve angels; and inscribed on the gates were the names of the twelve tribes of Isra’el. 13 There were three gates to the east, three gates to the north, three gates to the south and three gates to the west. 14 The wall of the city was built on twelve foundation-stones, and on these were the twelve names of the twelve emissaries of the Lamb. 15 The angel speaking with me had a gold measuring-rod with which to measure the city, its gates and its wall. 16 The city is laid out in a square, its length equal to its width. With his rod he measured the city at 1,500 miles, with length, width and height the same. He measured its wall at 216 feet by human standards of measurement, which the angel was using. 18 The wall was made of diamond and the city of pure gold resembling pure glass. 19 The foundations of the city wall were decorated with all kinds of precious stones—the first foundation stone was diamond, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh turquoise and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls, with each gate made of a single pearl. The city’s main street was pure gold, transparent as glass. Rev. 21:9-21 CJB

16 “Look, I am laying in Tziyon a tested stone, a costly cornerstone, a firm foundation-stone [for justice]; he who trusts will not rush here and there. 17 I will make justice the plumbline and righteousness the plumb-bob” Isa. 28:16-17a CJB

26 I will restore your judges as at first [barren Zion] and your advisers as at the beginning. After that, you [barren Zion] will be called the City of Righteousness, Faithful City. 27 Tziyon will be redeemed by justice; and those in her who repent, by righteousness [by Yeshua]. Isa. 1:26-27 CJB

4 You [barren Zion] will no longer be spoken of as ‘Azuvah [Abandoned or your land be spoken of as ‘Sh’mamah [Desolate]; rather, you will be called Heftzi-Vah [My-Delight-Is-In-Her] and your land Be’ulah [Married]. For ADONAI delights in you, and your land will be married — 5 as a young man marries a young woman, your sons will marry you; as a bridegroom rejoices over the bride, your God will rejoice over you. Isa. 62:4-5 CJB

8 By trusting, Avraham obeyed, after being called to go out to a place which God would give him as a possession; indeed, he went out without knowing where he was going. 9 By trusting, he lived as a temporary resident [Phil. 3:20] in the Land of the promise, as if it were not [yet] his, staying in tents with Yitz’chak and Ya’akov, who were to receive [in the future – according to God’s timing] what was promised along with him. 10 For he was looking forward to the city [Zion married to Justice] with permanent foundations, of which the architect and builder is God. Heb. 11:8-10 CJB

[The good news of God’s coming kingdom rests on the foundation of God’s Son – Yeshua who will bring justice from heaven [Rom. 3:22] to this earth when He returns. The bible story is not about worldly escapism – it’s about heavenly invasion… So with this in mind, pray for the peace of Jerusalem.]


[My commentary in brackets]

The Establishing of Justice (Yeshua’s Right To Rule The World)

21 ADONAI was pleased, for his righteousness’ sake, to make the Torah great and glorious [the Torah is the glory of God – Romans 3:23]. 22 But this is a people pillaged and plundered, all trapped in holes and sequestered in prisons. They are there to be plundered, with no one to rescue them; there to be pillaged, and no one says, “Return them!” 23 Which of you will listen to this? Who will hear and give heed in the times to come? 24 Who gave Ya’akov [Israel] to be pillaged, Isra’el to the plunderers? Didn’t ADONAI, against whom we have [all] sinned [Romans 3:23], in whose ways [of justice] they refused to walk, he whose Torah they did not obey? 25 This is why he poured on him his blazing anger as well as the fury of battle — it wrapped him in flames, yet he learned nothing; it burned him, yet he did not take it to heart. Isaiah 42:21-25 CJB

4 I [Daniel] prayed to ADONAI my God and made this confession: “Please, Adonai, great and fearsome God, who keeps his covenant and extends grace to those who love him and observe his mitzvot! 5 We have [all] sinned [Romans 3:23], done wrong, acted wickedly, rebelled and turned away from your mitzvot and rulings. 6 We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our leaders, our ancestors and to all the people of the land. 7 “To you, Adonai, belongs righteousness [right justice]; but to us today belongs shame — to us, the men of Y’hudah, the inhabitants of Yerushalayim and all Isra’el, including those nearby [Judean’s] and those far away [the diaspora], throughout all the countries where you have driven them; because they broke faith with you. 8 Yes, ADONAI, shame falls on us, our kings, our leaders and our ancestors; because we [all] sinned against you [Romans 3:23]. 9 It is for Adonai our God to show compassion and forgiveness [Ephesians 2:8-9], because we rebelled against him. 10 We didn’t listen to the voice of ADONAI our God [when He spoke to us on the mountain], so that we could live by his laws, which he presented to us through his servants the prophets. 11 Yes, all Isra’el flouted your Torah [Romans 3:23] and turned away, unwilling to listen to your voice. Therefore the curse and oath written in the Torah of Moshe the servant of God was poured out on us, because we [all] sinned against him. 12 He carried out the threats he spoke against us and against our judges who judged us, by bringing upon us disaster so great that under all of heaven, nothing has been done like what has been done to Yerushalayim. 13 As written in the Torah of Moshe, this whole disaster came upon us. Yet we did not appease ADONAI our God by renouncing our wrongdoing and discerning your truth. 14 So ADONAI watched for the right moment to bring this disaster upon us, for ADONAI our God was just in everything he did, yet we didn’t listen when he spoke. Daniel 9:4-14 CJB

24 “Seventy [contiguous] weeks [of years] have been decreed for your people and for your holy city for putting an end to the transgression [of Levi’s priesthood – 1 Samuel 2:30-32?], for making an end of sin, for forgiving iniquity [Numbers 14:18], for bringing in everlasting justice [Isaiah 9:6-7; Romans 3:22], for setting the seal [of authenticity] on vision and prophet [regarding the punishment of Levi’s priesthood – Romans 3:31?], and for anointing the Especially Holy Place [Hebrews 9:23-24]. Daniel 9:24 CJB

21 But now, quite apart from [some “special entitlement” derived from being made the stewards of the] Torah [scrolls], God’s way of making people righteous in his sight has been made clear — although the Torah and the Prophets give their witness to it as well [Isaiah 1:27; Isaiah 32:1] — 22 and it is a righteousness [right justice] that comes from God [by incarnation – Psalm 2:6; Acts 3:22-23; Acts 4:26], through the faithfulness of [His Son] Yeshua the Messiah [to finally punish Levi’s priesthood], to all who continue trusting [pursuing justice]. For it makes no difference whether one is a Jew [Judean] or a Gentile [Daniel 9:7b – those ‘far off’ – a reference to Israel in the diaspora?], 23 since all have sinned [Paul quotes – Daniel 9:5; Daniel 9:8; Daniel 9:11] and come short of earning God’s praise. 24 By God’s grace, without earning it [Daniel 9:9], all are granted the status of being considered righteous before him, through the act redeeming us from our enslavement to sin [the failed Levitical system is in view? – Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 10:9] that was accomplished by the Messiah Yeshua. 25 God put Yeshua forward as the kapparah [] for sin through his faithfulness in respect to his bloody sacrificial death. This vindicated [clears up any question regarding the integrity of] God’s righteousness [right justice]; because, in his forbearance, he had passed over [with neither punishment nor remission] the sins people [Levi’s priesthood?] had committed in the past; 26 and it vindicates his righteousness in the present age by showing that he is righteous himself [in finally punishing Levi’s priesthood – Hosea 4:6?] and is also the one who makes people righteous [accounted as pursuers of justice] on the ground of Yeshua’s faithfulness [to impartially administer justice over God’s house (Israel) – Hebrews 3:6]. 27 So what room is left [on the part of some supposedly “entitled” Jewish people] for boasting [in having been made the stewards of the Torah scrolls]? None at all! What kind of Torah excludes it? One that has to do with legalistic observance of rules [a belief on the part of some Jewish people that God’s choice of them as the stewards of the Torah scrolls afforded them special grace and entitlement – at the expense of justice – Romans 2:13; 2:21]? No, rather, a Torah that has to do with trusting [pursuing justice – Micah 6:8]. 28 Therefore, we hold the view that a person comes to be considered righteous by God on the ground of trusting [faith is that justice-pursuing activity “in the now”, which is consistent with the justice the Messiah will bring to the earth in the “age to come” – Hebrews 11:1, 6; Isaiah 59:9-11], which has nothing to do with legalistic observance of Torah commands [stewardship of Torah scrolls]. 29 Or is God the God of the Jews only? Isn’t he also the God of the Gentiles? Yes, he is indeed the God of the Gentiles; 30 because, as you will admit, God is one [Deuteronomy 6:4 – the Shemah]. Therefore, he will consider righteous the circumcised on the ground of trusting [pursuing justice] and the uncircumcised through that same trusting [pursuit of justice]. 31 Does it follow that we abolish Torah [as having been done away with] by this trusting [pursuit of justice on behalf of the Messiah]? Heaven forbid! On the contrary, we confirm [establish] Torah [as still relevant for the proper administration of justice today – as demonstrated by the work of the Messiah – Colossians 2:15]. Romans 3:21-31 CJB

[Yeshua’s faithfulness to impartially exercise justice over the House of Israel (God’s chosen people) establishes His right to rule the entire world – Hebrews 2:5-10; Revelation 5:9-10]

27 Tziyon will be redeemed by justice; and those in her who repent, by righteousness. Isaiah 1:27 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

The Firm Foundation For Justice (Yeshua)

13 Your arm [Your Yeshua] is mighty, your hand is strong, your right hand is lifted high [in an oath to uphold justice]. 14 Righteousness [rightness] and justice are the foundation of your throne; grace and truth [for justice] attend you. Psalm 89:14 CJB

1 ADONAI is king, let the earth rejoice, let the many coasts and islands be glad. 2 Clouds and thick darkness surround him; righteousness [rightness] and justice are the foundation of his throne. 3 Fire goes before him, setting ablaze his foes on every side. 4 His flashes of lightning light up the world; the earth sees it and trembles. 5 The mountains [governments of man] melt like wax at the presence of ADONAI, at the presence of the Lord of all the earth. 6 The heavens declare his righteousness [right justice], and all the peoples see his glory. Psalm 92:1-6 CJB

5 On that day, ADONAI-Tzva’ot will be a glorious crown [of righteousness – right justice], a brilliant diadem for the remnant of his people. 6 He will also be a spirit of justice for whoever sits as a judge, and a source of strength for those repelling enemy attacks at the gate. Isaiah 28:5-6 CJB

6 For as for me [Paul], I am already being poured out on the altar; yes, the time for my departure has arrived. 7 I have fought the good fight [for Yeshua – for Justice], I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. 8 All that awaits me now is the crown of righteousness [right justice] which the Lord, “the Righteous Judge”, will award to me on that Day — and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for him [Justice] to appear. 2 Timothy 4:6-8 CJB

1 There is coming a king [Yeshua] who will reign justly and princes who will rule uprightly. 2 A man will be like a refuge from the wind, like protection from a storm, like streams of water on arid ground, like a rock cliff shading a weary land. 3 The eyes of those seeing will not be closed, the ears of those hearing will pay close attention [Matthew 13:16]. 4 The minds of the impetuous [those hasty to render judgment] will learn to weigh carefully, the tongues of the stutterers [those hesitant to render judgment] will speak readily and clearly. Isaiah 32:1-4 CJB

1 “Listen to me, you pursuers of justice, you who seek ADONAI: consider the rock [of justice] from which you [‘stones’] were cut, the quarry [of justice] from which you were dug — consider Avraham your father and Sarah, who gave birth to you; in that I called him when he was only one person, then blessed him and made him many [Romans 5:19]. 3 For ADONAI will comfort Tziyon, will comfort all her ruined places, will make her desert like ‘Eden, her ‘Aravah like the garden of ADONAI. Joy and gladness will be there, thanksgiving and the sound of music. 4 “Pay attention to me, my people! My nation, listen to me! 5 For Torah [instruction for justice] will go out from me; I will calm them with my justice as a light for the peoples. 5 My righteousness [right justice] is at hand, my salvation goes out, my arms will judge the peoples. The coastlands are putting their hope in me, trusting in my arm. Isaiah 51:1-5 CJB

7 But when Yochanan saw many of the P’rushim and Tz’dukim coming to be immersed by him, he said to them, “You snakes! Who warned you to escape the coming punishment? 8 If you have really turned from your sins [your acts of injustice] to God, produce [the] fruit [of justice] that will prove it! 9 And don’t suppose you can comfort yourselves by saying, ‘Avraham is our father’! For I tell you that God can raise up for Avraham sons [of justice] from these ‘stones’! Matthew 3:7-9 CJB

17 Also, when he [Yeshua] came, he announced as Good News shalom to you far off and shalom to those nearby, 18 [Good] news that through him we both have access in one Spirit [of justice] to the Father. 19 So then, you are no longer foreigners and strangers. On the contrary, you are fellow-citizens with God’s people and members of God’s family. 20 You have been built on the foundation of the emissaries and the prophets, with the cornerstone [of justice] being Yeshua the Messiah himself. In union with him [Justice with a capital ‘J’] the whole building is held together, and it is growing into a holy temple in union with the Lord. Yes, in union with him, you yourselves are being built together into a spiritual dwelling-place for God!
Ephesians 2:17-22 CJB

4 As you come to him, the living stone [of justice], rejected by people but chosen by God and precious to him, 5 you yourselves, as living stones [of justice], are being built into a spiritual house to be cohanim set apart for God to offer spiritual sacrifices [of justice – Romans 12:1-2] acceptable to him through Yeshua the Messiah. 6 This is why the Tanakh says, “Look! I am laying in Tziyon a stone, a chosen and precious cornerstone; and whoever rests his trust on it will certainly not be humiliated.” 7 Now to you who keep trusting [who acknowledge the justice of the age-to-come by pursuing justice in-the-now], he is precious. But to those who are not trusting, “The very stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone”; 8 also he is a stone that will make people stumble, a rock over which they will trip. 1 Peter 2:4-8 CJB

19 [A prophecy regarding Yeshua] Open the gates of righteousness [right justice] for me; I will enter them and thank Yah [Ezekiel 44:1-2?]. 20 This is the [narrow – Matthew 7:13-14] gate of ADONAI; the righteous can enter it. 21 I am thanking you because you answered me; you became my salvation. 22 The very rock [of justice] that the builders [Israels’ failed religious leadership] rejected [Yeshua] has become the cornerstone [of justice for the world]! 23 This has come from ADONAI, and in our eyes it is amazing. Psalm 118:12-23 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

The Coercion of Justice (Making Torah “Work” For You)

26 “‘A curse on anyone who does not confirm the words of this Torah by putting them into practice.‘ All the people are to say, ‘Amen!’ Deuteronomy 27:26 CJB

19 If there is such a person, when he hears the words of this curse, he will bless himself secretly, [deceptively] saying to himself, ‘I will be all right, even though I will stubbornly keep doing whatever I feel like doing; so that I, although “dry” [sinful], will be added to the “watered” [righteous].’ 21 But ADONAI will not forgive him. Rather, the anger and jealousy of ADONAI will blaze up against that person. Every curse written in this book will be upon him. ADONAI will blot out his name from under heaven. 21 ADONAI will single him out [and other’s like him] from all the tribes of Isra’el to experience what is bad in all the curses of the covenant written in this book of the Torah. Deuteronomy 29:19-21 CJB

8 How can you say, “We are wise; ADONAI’s Torah is with us,” when in fact the lying pen of the scribes [their written “works” of law/instruction] has turned it [the Torah] into falsehood? 9 The “wise” are put to shame, alarmed, entrapped. They have rejected the word [the Torah] of ADONAI, so what wisdom do they have [for the proper administration of justice]? Jeremiah 8:8-9 CJB

2 ADONAI, how long must I cry without your hearing? “Violence!” I cry to you, but you don’t save. 3 Why do you make me see wrongdoing, why do you permit oppression? Pillage and cruelty [perversion & coercion of Your Torah] confront me, so that strife and discord prevail. 4 Therefore Torah is not followed; justice never gets rendered, because the wicked fence in the righteous. This is why justice comes out perverted. Habakkuk 1:2-4 CJB

3 Her leaders there with her are roaring lions, her judges desert wolves, who don’t leave even a bone for tomorrow. 4 Her prophets are reckless, treacherous men; her cohanim profane the holy and do violence to Torah. Zephaniah 3:3-4 CJB

10 For as many as are of the “works” of the Law [who pervert & coerce Torah for the purpose of establishing special interest group entitlements – who hear Torah, but do not obey Torah for the proper administration of justice – who make Torah work for themselves] are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, to perform them [Deuteronomy 26:27 – for the proper administration of justice].” 11 Now that no one is justified by the [“works” of] Law [by the perversion & coercion of Torah to establish special interest group entitlements] before God is evident; for, “The righteous man shall live by faith.” [Habakkuk 2:4; Hebrews 11:1; Isaiah 59:9; Hebrews 11:6] 12 However, the [“works” of] Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “He [Yeshua is the model – Galatians 2:16; Isaiah 1:27] who practices them shall live by them.” 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us [so that we would not be punished in accordance with the prescription set forth in the Torah – Deuteronomy 27:26; Isaiah 53:6] — for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on A tree” — 14 in order that in Christ Jesus [and His new covenant priesthood] the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit [of justice – Isaiah 28:6] through faith. Galatians 3:10-14 NASB

[Paul in Galatians 3:10 equates those people who are “of the works of the Law” – with those people Moses identifies as “not confirming Torah” – Deuteronomy 27:26. The ability of the people to successfully obey Torah for the proper administration of justice is affirmed in both Deuteronomy 30:9-14 & Romans 10:5-10. No requirement of “perfect” obedience is inferred. To make this assertion is to add to Torah – Deuteronomy 4:2. The word “Torah” in the Hebrew language means “instruction”, so the phrase “works of law” (Greek: ‘nomos’ – law or custom) might be better translated as “works of instruction”. There is ambiguity as to whether the “instruction” to which Paul refers is the instruction of God (the Torah itself – the 5 books of Moses), or the instruction of man (the oral Rabbinic teaching traditions – Mark 7:8-13; Philippians 3:7; Colossians 2:22-23 – which were “derived from” the Torah and later codified into the Talmud). If it is the former, then the word “works” implies “performance & obedience of Torah” – with the actors being individuals (the traditional protestant interpretation). If however, Paul means the later then the word “works” implies “legislation & commentary” with the actors being certain Jewish religious/rabbinic leaders – Galatians 1:7-9. It is also possible that Paul wants us to understand the actor in the phrase “works of Law” to be the Torah itself, in which case, individuals who do not intend to obey Torah, deceive themselves as being entitled to it’s blessings – Deuteronomy 28:1-14 – simply as a privilege/by-product of belonging to the Jewish nation whom God chose as the Torah’s stewards – Romans 2:17-21; Romans 3:2. From this perspective, the Torah is coerced via perverted interpretation to “work” on behalf of certain individuals. This seems to be the contextually accurate interpretation given Paul’s quotation of Deuteronomy 27:26 – and can be equally applied to Galatians 2:16 as well.]

4 Everyone who keeps sinning is violating Torah — indeed, sin is violation of Torah. 5 You know that he appeared in order to take away [Greek – ‘airo’ – to expose] sins, and that there is no sin in him. 6 So no one who remains united with him continues sinning; everyone who does continue sinning has neither seen him nor known him. 7 Children, don’t let anyone deceive you — it is the person that keeps on doing what is right who is righteous, just as God is righteous. 1 John 3:4-7 CJB

24 ADONAI ordered us to observe all these laws, to fear ADONAI our God, always for our own good, so that he might keep us alive, as we are today. 25 It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to obey all these mitzvot before ADONAI our God, just as he ordered us to do.'” Deuteronomy 6:24-25 CJB

21 So rid yourselves of all vulgarity and obvious evil, and receive meekly the Word [the Torah – God’s instruction for justice] implanted in you that can save your lives. 22 Don’t deceive yourselves by only hearing what the Word [the Torah] says, but do it! 23 For whoever hears the Word but doesn’t do what it says is like someone who looks at his face in a mirror, 24 who [being “dry” [sinful]] looks at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like [saying I will be added to the “watered” [righteous]]. 25 But if a person looks closely into the perfect Torah, which gives freedom, and continues [to confirm Torah], becoming not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work it requires [for justice], then he will be blessed [not cursed] in what he does. James 1:21-25 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

The Trial of Justice (A Preview of Atonement)

The book of Job gives us a wonderful view into the atonement of Yeshua like no other book in scripture. It describes in detail, why Job (and through typology – Yeshua) was made to suffer and the resulting consequences to all parties involved. While many focus on the conflict occurring on earth between Job and his three “friends”, the real conflict of substance is taking place in heaven between YHWH & Satan. YHWH’s commendation of His faithful servant Job, affords Satan an “opportunity” to put YHWH (Justice Himself – Psalm 89:14) on trial. YHWH’s Torah (instruction) was given for the proper administration of justice – so accordingly it contains some specific prohibitions to guard against it’s misuse. One such prohibition is as follows: “You are not to show favoritism when judging” – Deuteronomy 1:17. By His commendation of Job, YHWH has made a judgment call – He has made a distinction – between Job and every other living person on earth – and this becomes the foothold that Satan uses to accuse YHWH:

“How are you certain that Job is the most just person on earth? This is only so because you are protecting him from me – you have put a protective hedge around him – and if you have done so, you have shown favoritism in your judgment! If you deliver Job into my hand, will your judgment of him still stand?”

Participants, roles and types

Satan – the accuser of God’s justice
The sons of God – the witnesses to the trial (Hebrews 12:1-3)
God – the accused (of showing partiality to His servant Job)
Job – the true witness to God’s justice (a type of Yeshua)
Eliphas, Zophar, Bildad – the false witnesses to God’s justice (a type of the scribes, pharisees, sadduccees)
Elihu – the defender of the accused (a type of the Holy Spirit)
Job’s children whose house fell upon them (a type of the Levitical priesthood – 1 Samuel 3:13?)
Job’s beautiful offspring (a type of the Yeshua/Melchisedek priesthood)

Job and Yeshua were both blessed by God and wealthy – before their tribulation.

2 Seven sons and three daughters were born to him. 3 He owned 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 pairs of oxen and 500 female donkeys, as well as a great number of servants; so that he was the wealthiest man in the east. Job 1:2-3 CJB

9 For you know how generous our Lord Yeshua the Messiah was — for your sakes he impoverished himself, even though he was rich, so that he might make you rich by means of his poverty. 2 Corinthians 8:9 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both priests – before their tribulation.

Job most likely lived during the patriarchal period since he was the priest for his household – as was Abraham – before the Levitical system was established which required proof of ancestry (“Father & Mother”) to qualify for service.

4 It was the custom of his sons to give banquets, each on his set day in his own house; and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5 After a cycle of banquets, Iyov would send for them to come and be consecrated; then he would get up early in the morning and offer burnt offerings for each of them, because Iyov said, “My sons might have sinned and blasphemed God in their thoughts.” This is what Iyov did every time. Job 1:4-5 CJB

19 We have this hope as a sure and safe anchor for ourselves, a hope that goes right on through to what is inside the parokhet, 20 where a forerunner has entered on our behalf, namely, Yeshua, who has become a cohen gadol forever, to be compared with Malki-Tzedek. 1 This Malki-Tzedek, king of Shalem, a cohen of God Ha’Elyon, met Avraham on his way back from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him; 2 also Avraham gave him a tenth of everything. Now first of all, by translation of his name, he is “king of righteousness [right justice]”; and then he is also king of Shalem, which means “king of peace.“ 3 There is no record of his father, mother, ancestry, birth or death [so he would not have qualified for the Levitical priesthood]; rather, like the Son of God, he continues as a cohen for all time [Yeshua was a priest before His incarnation]. Hebrews 6:19-7:3 CJB

61 and of the descendants of the cohanim: descendants of Havayah, descendants of Hakotz, anddescendants of Barzillai, who took a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gil’adi and was named after them. 62 These tried to locate their genealogical records, but they weren’t found. Therefore they were considered defiled and were not allowed to serve as cohanim. Ezra 2:61-62 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both commended by God – before their tribulation.

8 ADONAI asked the Adversary, “Did you notice my servant Iyov, that there’s no one like him on earth, a blameless and upright [just] man who fears God and shuns evil [injustice]?“ Job 1:6-8 CJB

13 Then Yeshua came from the Galil to the Yarden to be immersed by Yochanan. 14 But Yochanan tried to stop him. “You are coming to me? I ought to be immersed by you!” 15 However, Yeshua answered him, “Let it be this way now, because we should do everything righteousness [right justice] requires.” Then Yochanan let him. 16 As soon as Yeshua had been immersed, he came up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, he saw the Spirit of God coming down upon him like a dove, 17 and a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; I am well pleased with him.“ Matthew 3:13-17 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both accused by Satan of having been shown partiality by God.

10 You’ve put a protective hedge around him [Job], his house and everything he has. You’ve prospered his work, and his livestock are spread out all over the land. 11 But if you reach out your hand and touch whatever he has, without doubt he’ll curse you to your face!“ Job 1:10-11 CJB

5 Then the Adversary took him [Yeshua] to the holy city and set him on the highest point of the Temple. 6 “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “jump! For the Tanakh says, ‘He will order his angels to be responsible for you…. [God has put a protective hedge around You] They will support you with their hands, so that you will not hurt your feet on the stones.’“ 7 Yeshua replied to him, “But it also says, ‘Do not put ADONAI your God to the test [which is what the book of Job & Yeshua’s work of atonement are both about – Satan putting God’s justice to the test].’“ Matthew 4:5-7 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both subjected to suffering at the hands of blinded humanity for the glory & honor of God’s justice.

12 ADONAI said to the Adversary, “Here! Everything he [Job] has is in your hands, except that you are not to lay a finger on his person.” Then the Adversary went out from the presence of ADONAI. Job 1:12 CJB

1 Then the Spirit led Yeshua up into the wilderness to be tempted by the Adversary. Matthew 4:1 CJB

9b Although he had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, 10 yet it pleased ADONAI [for the glory and honor of His justice] to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, to see if he [Yeshua] would present himself as a guilt offering – Isaiah 53:9b-10a CJB

13 Then Yeshua came from the Galil to the Yarden to be immersed by Yochanan. 14 But Yochanan tried to stop him. “You are coming to me? I ought to be immersed by you!” 15 However, Yeshua answered him, “Let it be this way now, because we should do everything righteousness [right justice – i.e. God] requires.” Then Yochanan let him. Matthew 3:13-15 CJB

8 he [Yeshua] humbled himself still more by becoming obedient [for the glory & honor of God’s justice] even to [an unjust] death — death on a stake as a criminal! Philippians 2:8 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both chided by their persecutors for calling on God during their tribulation.

1 Then Job responded, 2 “Truly then you are the [only] people [alive who know wisdom for justice] , And with you [when you die] wisdom [for justice] will die! 3 “But I have intelligence as well as you; I am not inferior to you. And who does not know such things as these? 4 [You mock and say] “I am a joke to my friends, The one who called on God [for deliverance] and He answered him [with affliction]; The just and blameless man is a joke. Job 12:1-4 NASB

42 “He saved others, but he can’t save himself! [from affliction]” “So he’s King of Isra’el, is he? Let him come down now from the stake! Then we’ll believe him!” 43 “He trusted God? So, let him [God] rescue him if he wants him! After all, he did say, ‘I’m the Son of God [the just and blameless man]’!” 44 Even the robbers nailed up with him insulted him in the same way. Matthew 27:42-44 CJB

Job and Yeshua both believed they would be vindicated by God through resurrection.

25 “But I know that my Redeemer lives, that in the end he will rise on the dust; 26 so that after my skin has been thus destroyed, then even without my flesh, I will see God. 27 I will see him for myself, my eyes, not someone else’s, will behold him. My heart grows weak inside me! Job 19:25-27 CJB

6 I offered my back to those who struck me, my cheeks to those who plucked out my beard; I did not hide my face from insult and spitting. 7 For Adonai ELOHIM will help. This is why no insult can wound me. This is why I have set my face like flint, knowing I will not be put to shame. 8 My vindicator is close by; let whoever dares to accuse me appear with me in court! Let whoever has a case against me step forward! 9 Look, if Adonai ELOHIM helps me, who will dare to condemn me? Here, they are all falling apart like old, moth-eaten clothes. 10 Who among you fears ADONAI? Who obeys what his servant says? Even when he walks in the dark, without any light, he will trust in ADONAI’s reputation and rely on his God. Isaiah 50:6-10 CJB

19 Yeshua answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up again.” 20 The Judeans said, “It took 46 years to build this Temple, and you’re going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the “temple” he had spoken of was his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his talmidim remembered that he had said this, and they trusted in the Tanakh and in what Yeshua had said. John 2:19-22 CJB

Job and Yeshua both treasured God’s words for justice more than physical food.

11 My feet have stayed in his footsteps; I keep to his way [of justice] without turning aside. I don’t withdraw from his lips’ command; I treasure his words [for justice] more than my daily food. Job 23:11-12 CJB

4 After Yeshua had fasted forty days and nights, he was hungry. 3 The Tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, order these stones to become bread.” 4 But he answered, “The Tanakh says, ‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of ADONAI‘“. Matthew 4:2-4 CJB

Job and Yeshua both affirm that God alone should be worshipped.

20 Iyov got up, tore his coat, shaved his head, fell down on the ground and worshipped [God]; 21 he said, “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will return there. ADONAI gave; ADONAI took; blessed be the name of ADONAI.“ Job 1:20-21 CJB

8 Once more, the Adversary took him up to the summit of a very high mountain, showed him all the kingdoms of the world in all their glory, 9 and said to him, “All this I [Satan] will give you if you will bow down and worship me.” 10 “Away with you, Satan!” Yeshua told him, “For the Tanakh says, ‘Worship ADONAI your God, and serve only him.’“ Matthew 4:8-10 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both confident of their own justice to the end.

1 So these three men stopped trying to answer Iyov, because he remained convinced of his own righteousness [as not being the cause of his affliction]. 2 But then the anger of Elihu [who personifies the Holy Spirit] the son of Barakh’el the Buzi, from the family of Ram, blazed up against Iyov for thinking he was right [to hold so tightly to his own justice] and God wrong [for allowing him to undergo affliction]. Job 32:1-2 CJB

63 Yeshua remained silent. The cohen hagadol said to him, “I put you under oath! By the living God, tell us if you are the Mashiach, the Son of God!” 64 Yeshua said to him, “The words are your own. But I tell you that one day you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of HaG’vurah and coming on the clouds of heaven.“ Matthew 26:64 CJB

37 “So then,” Pilate said to him, “You are a king, after all.” Yeshua answered, “You say I am a king. The reason I have been born, the reason I have come into the world, is to bear witness to the truth [regarding God’s justice]. Every one who belongs to the truth [regarding God’s justice] listens to me.” 38 Pilate asked him, “What is [the] truth [for justice – I have seen no such ‘truth’ today – Romans 2:24]?“ John 18:37-38 CJB

Job and Yeshua both received comfort during their trial.

4 It is the Spirit of God that made me [Elihu], the breath of Shaddai that gives me life. 5 So refute me, if you can; organize your words, take your stand! 6 Look, before God I’m the same as you; I too am [a man] fashioned from clay. 7 You don’t need to be afraid of me; my pressure on you will not be heavy. Job 33:4-7 CJB

31 “Pay attention, Iyov, listen to me [Elihu]; keep quiet, and I will keep speaking. If you have something to say, answer me; speak, because I want to show that you [Job] are right. If not, then listen to me; keep quiet, and I will teach you wisdom [regarding justice].“ Job 33:31-33 CJB

42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me; still, let not my will but yours be done.” 43 There appeared to him an angel from heaven giving him strength [to endure for the glory and honor of God’s justice], 44 and in great anguish he prayed more intensely, so that his sweat became like drops of blood falling to the ground. Luke 22:42-44 CJB

Elihu, the youngest of Job’s friends, who should not be as wise as the older three (Eliphaz, Bildad & Zophar), is found to be the wisest – being filled with the Holy Spirit of justice. He both comforts & convicts Job during his tribulation. In this regard, the typology of Job prefiguring Yeshua by necessity weakens as the Spirit does not convict Yeshua of sin.

6 Elihu the son of Barakh’el the Buzi said: “I am young, and you [three] are old, so I held back from telling you my opinion. 7 I said, ‘Age should speak; an abundance of years should teach wisdom [for justice].‘ 8 But it is the [Holy] spirit in a person, the breath from Shaddai, that gives him understanding [for justice] — it isn’t [only] the great who are wise or the aged who know how to judge. Job 32:6-8 CJB

All four of Job’s friends come to the same conclusion: Job has sinned.

But while Eliphaz (Job 4:7; 15:4-6; 22:5), Bildad (Job 8:5-6; 18:4) and Zophar (Job 11:6; 20:29) conclude that Job’s sin precedes and is the cause for his affliction, Elihu concludes that Job’s sin proceeds from an improper response to his affliction.

1 As Yeshua passed along, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 His talmidim asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned — this man or his parents — to cause him to be born blind?” 3 Yeshua answered, “His blindness is due neither to his sin nor to that of his parents; it happened so that God’s power [for justice] might be seen at work in him. John 9:1-3 CJB

1 Elihu continued speaking: 2 “Hear my words [of satire], you sages [of wisdom – speaking of Eliphaz, Bildad & Zophar]! Listen to me, you who [supposedly] know so much! 3 For the ear tests words, just as the palate tastes food. 4 [You say] Let’s choose for ourselves what is just; let’s decide among ourselves [the ‘wise’] what is good. 5 For Iyov [Job] says, ‘I am in the right, but God is denying me justice. 6 Against justice, I am considered a liar; my wound is mortal, though I committed no crime.’ 7 “Is there a man like Iyov [with proven character], who [with pleasure] drinks in scoffing like water, 8 who [with reckless abandon] keeps company with evildoers and goes with wicked men, 9 since he thinks, ‘It profits a person nothing to be in accord with God’? 10 [No! That is stupid talk] “So listen to me, you men with sense! Far be it from God to do anything wicked [to the just]! 11 For he pays people back for what they do and sees that each gets what his conduct deserves. 12 It is certain that God does nothing wicked; Shaddai will not pervert justice. 13 Did someone else put him in charge of the earth? Who else established the entire world? 14 If he were to take back man’s heart to himself, if he gathered to himself his spirit and breath; 15 all flesh would instantly perish, everyone would return to dust. 16 “If you have any sense, [you “sages”] hear this; listen to what I am saying. 17 Should a hater of justice be in control? Job 34:1-17 CJB

1 Elihu added: 2 “Bear with me a little, and I will show you that there is more to say on God’s behalf. 3 I may search far and wide for my arguments, but I will ascribe righteousness [right justice] to God my maker. 4 For the fact is that my words are true; you have with you a [Spirit-filled] man whose views are pure. 5 “Look, God is powerful and despises no one, powerful in his strength of understanding. 6 He does not preserve the lives of the wicked, but he gives justice to the poor. 7 He does not withdraw his eyes from the righteous [not even Job]; but when he sets kings on their throne forever, they may become proud; 8 if, then, they [the righteous] are bound [unjustly – by evil rulers] in chains, held in oppressive cords, 9 he shows them [the righteous – Colossians 2:15] the results of their [the evil rulers] doings, the crimes [expressed through rulings of injustice – Acts 18:2] caused by their pride. 10 He sounds a warning in their ears and orders them to repent of their evil. 11 “If they [the evil rulers] pay attention and obey him, they spend their days in prosperity; their years pass pleasantly. 12 But if they don’t pay attention, they perish by the sword and die without learning their lesson. 13 The godless in heart cherish their anger, not crying for help when he binds them. Job 36:1-13 CJB

23 Shaddai, whom we cannot find, whose power is immense, in his great righteousness does not pervert justice. 24 This is why people fear him; he does not consider those who think of themselves as wise.“ Job 37:23-24 CJB

Job’s affliction was for the glory and honor of God’s justice, it was not the result of any sin Job had previously committed, yet Job in holding on so tightly to the truth about his own justice ends up sinning by impugning the justice of God.

1 Iyov continued his speech: 2 “I swear by the living God, who is denying me justice, and by Shaddai, who deals with me so bitterly, 3 that as long my life remains in me and God’s breath is in my nostrils, 4 my lips will not speak unrighteousness, or my tongue utter deceit. 5 Far be it from me to say you are right; I will keep my integrity till the day I die. 6 I hold to my righteousness [with force – Philippians 2:6]; I won’t let it go; my heart will not shame me as long as I live. Job 27:1-6 CJB

6 ADONAI answered Iyov out of the storm: 7 “Stand up like a man, and brace yourself; I will ask questions; and you, give the answers! 8 “Are you impugning my justice? Putting me [My justice] in the wrong to prove yourself right? Job 40:6-8 CJB

9 Do you have an arm [mighty to enforce justice] like God’s [Isaiah 59:1 – Yeshua is the ‘Arm of the Lord – for justice]? Can you thunder with a voice like his? 10 Come on, deck yourself with majesty and dignity, robe yourself in glory and splendor. 11 Let loose your furious anger [upon the unjust], look at all who are proud, and humble them. 12 Look at all who are proud, and bring them down; tread down the wicked where they stand. 13 Bury them in the ground together, bind their faces in the hidden world. 14 If you [a finite human] do this, then I will confess to you that your own power can save you [but it cannot – Acts 4:12] . Job 40:9-14 CJB

Man’s wisdom to discern justice (Job 38-39) & his strength to enforce justice (Job 40-41) pale in comparison to YHWH’s. YHWH instructs Job that He alone is able to save.

Yeshua suffered to the very end without impugning God’s justice.

6 Though he [Yeshua] was in the form of God, he did not regard equality with God something to be possessed by force [so as to impugn the justice of God – Job 27:6 – kenosis] . Philippians 2:6 CJB

46 Crying out with a loud voice, Yeshua said, “Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit. “With these words he gave up his spirit. Luke 23:46 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both in the end condemned by their friends – but God showed them mercy.

3 His [Elihu’s] anger also blazed up against his three friends, because they [Eliphaz, Zophar, and Bildad] had found no answer to Iyov but condemned him anyway. Job 32:3 CJB

11 He [the incarnation of justice] came to his own homeland, yet his own people did not receive him. John 1:11 CJB

59 The head cohanim and the whole Sanhedrin looked for some false evidence against Yeshua, so that they might put him to death. 60 But they didn’t find any, even though many liars came forward to give testimony. 61 “This man said, ‘I can tear down God’s Temple and build it again in three days.'” 62 The cohen hagadol stood up and said, “Have you nothing to say to the accusation these men are making?” 63 Yeshua remained silent. The cohen hagadol said to him, “I put you under oath! By the living God, tell us if you are the Mashiach, the Son of God!” 64 Yeshua said to him, “The words are your own. But I tell you that one day you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of HaG’vurah and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 65 At this, the cohen hagadol tore his robes. “Blasphemy!” he said. “Why do we still need witnesses? You heard him blaspheme! 66 What is your verdict?” “Guilty,” they answered. “He deserves death!” Matthew 26:59-66 CJB

11 Look, we regard those who persevered [for the cause of God’s justice] as blessed. You have heard of the perseverance of Iyov, and you know what the purpose of ADONAI was, [to show] that ADONAI is very compassionate and merciful [Job’s friends weren’t] – James 5:11 CJB

Job and Yeshua both surrender to the glory & honor of the justice of God.

1 Then [at last,] Iyov gave ADONAI this answer: 2 “I know that you can do everything, that no purpose of yours can be thwarted [only YHWH is powerful enough to enforce justice in all the earth]. 3 “[You asked,] ‘Who is this, hiding counsel, without having knowledge?‘ Yes, I spoke, without understanding [only YHWH is wise enough to discern justice in all the earth], of wonders far beyond me, which I didn’t know. 4 “Please listen, and I will speak. [You said,] ‘I will ask questions; and you, give me answers’— 5 I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; 6 therefore I detest [myself] and repent in dust and ashes. 7 “After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me [with regard to justice]. Job 42:1-7 CJB

39 Going on a little farther, he fell on his face, praying, “My Father, if possible, let this cup pass from me! Yet — not what I want, but what you want!“ Matthew 26:39 CJB

39 One of the criminals hanging there hurled insults at him. “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” 40 But the other one spoke up and rebuked the first, saying, “Have you no fear of God? You’re getting the same punishment as he is. 41 Ours is only fair; we’re getting what we deserve for what we did. But this man did nothing wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Yeshua, remember me when you come as King.” 43 Yeshua said to him, “Yes! I promise that you will be with me today in Gan-‘Eden.“ 44 It was now about noon, and darkness covered the whole Land until three o’clock in the afternoon; 45 the sun did not shine. Also the parokhet in the Temple was split down the middle. 46 Crying out with a loud voice, Yeshua said, “Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit.“ With these words he gave up his spirit. 47 When the Roman officer saw what had happened, he began to praise God and said, “Surely this man was innocent!“ Luke 23:39-47 CJB

Job and Yeshua both listen to Elihu’s (Elijah’s) counsel.

23 [Elihu continues] “If there is for him [the accused] an angel, a mediator, one among a thousand, who can vouch for the man’s uprightness; 24 then [God] is gracious to him and says, ‘Redeem him from going down to the pit; I have found a ransom [in the mediator’s testimony on behalf of the man’s uprightness – Hebrews 2:11-18].’ Job 33:23-24 CJB

45 From noon until three o’clock in the afternoon, all the Land was covered with darkness. 46 At about three, Yeshua uttered a loud cry, “Eli! Eli! L’mah sh’vaktani? (My God! My God! Why have you deserted me?)” 47 On hearing this, some of the bystanders said, “He’s calling for Eliyahu.” [Elihu] 48 Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, soaked it in vinegar, put it on a stick and gave it to him to drink. 49 The rest said, “Wait! Let’s see if Eliyahu [Elihu – meaning ‘He is (my) God’] comes and rescues him.” Matthew 27:45-49 CJB

29 [Elihu continues] “But if God is silent [on behalf of the afflicted], who can accuse him; if he hides his face [from the afflicted], who can see him? 30 He may do this to [just] nations and [just] persons alike, so that godless men will not become kings, and the people [the onlookers – who see the wicked leaders deeds] will not be lured into [their] traps. Job 34:29-30 CJB

15 Stripping the rulers and authorities of their power, he [Yeshua] made a public spectacle of them [it was plain for everyone to see that the religious leaders put a just and blameless man to death simply in an effort to retain their power and authority], triumphing over them by means of the stake. Colossians 2:15 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both accused by people who did not speak rightly about God’s justice.

7 After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me. 8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. Job 42:7-8 CJB

23 Upon being released, they went back to their friends and reported what the head cohanim and elders [who] had [not spoken rightly about God] said to them. 24 When they heard it, they raised their voices to God with singleness of heart [and spoke rightly about God]. “Master,” they prayed, “You made heaven, earth, the sea and everything in them. 25 By the Ruach HaKodesh, through the mouth of our father David, your servant, you said, ‘Why did the nations rage and the peoples devise useless plans? 26 The kings of the earth took their stand; and the rulers assembled together against ADONAI and against his Messiah.‘ 27 “This has come true in this city, since Herod and Pontius Pilate, with Goyim and the peoples of Isra’el, all assembled against your holy servant Yeshua, whom you made Messiah, 28 to do what your power and plan had already determined beforehand should happen [for the glory & honor of your Justice]. Acts 4:23-28 CJB

Job and Yeshua both had “friends” who were willing to betray them

27 I suppose you would even throw dice for an orphan or barter away your friend! 28 “So now, I beg you, look at me! Would I lie to your face? 29 Think it over, please; don’t let wrong be done. Think it over again: my cause is just. 30 Am I saying something wrong? Can’t I recognize trouble when I taste it? Job 6:27-30 CJB

14 Then one of the Twelve, the one called Y’hudah from K’riot, went to the head cohanim 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I turn Yeshua over to you?” They counted out thirty silver coins and gave them to Y’hudah. 16 From then on he looked for a good opportunity to betray him. Matthew 26:14-16 CJB

18 As they were reclining and eating, Yeshua said, “Yes! I tell you that one of you is going to betray me.” 19 They became upset [thinking He was lying to them] and began asking him, one after the other, “You don’t mean me, do you?” 20 “It’s one of the Twelve,” he said to them, “someone dipping matzah in the dish with me [can’t I recognize trouble when I taste it?]. 21 For the Son of Man will die, just as the Tanakh says he will [be betrayed by a friend]; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him had he never been born! [Think it over, please; don’t let wrong be done]” Mark 14:18-21 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both delivered into the hands of sinners.

11 God delivers me to the perverse, throws me into the hands of the wicked. Job 16:11 CJB

39 The third time, he came and said to them, “For now, go on sleeping, take your rest…. There, that’s enough! The time has come! Look! The Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners! Mark 14:39 CJB

Job and Yeshua both had friends who would desert them during a time of adversity.

14 “A friend should be kind to an unhappy man, even to one who abandons Shaddai. 15 But my brothers are as deceptive as vadis, as vadi streams that soon run dry; 16 they may turn dark with ice and be hidden by piled-up snow; 17 but as the weather warms up, they vanish; when it’s hot, they disappear. 18 Their courses turn this way and that; they go up into the confusing waste and are lost. Job 6:14-18 CJB

26 After singing the Hallel, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 27 Yeshua said to them, “You will all lose faith in me, for the Tanakh says, ‘I will strike the shepherd dead, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28 But after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you into the Galil.” 29 Kefa said to him, “Even if everyone else loses faith in you, I won’t.” 30 Yeshua replied, “Yes! I tell you that this very night, before the rooster crows twice, you will disown me three times!” 31 But Kefa kept insisting, “Even if I must die with you, I will never disown you!” And they all said the same thing. Mark 14:26-31 CJB

48 Yeshua addressed them: “So you came out to take me with swords and clubs, the way you would the leader of a rebellion? 49 Every day I was with you in the Temple court, teaching, and you didn’t seize me then! But let the Tanakh be fulfilled.” 50 And they all deserted him and ran away. Mark 14:48-50 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both scorned and maligned.

9b My enemies look daggers at me. 10 Wide-mouthed, they gape at me; with scorn, they slap my cheeks; they gather themselves together against me. Job 16:9b-10 CJB

6 He has made me a byword among the peoples, a creature in whose face they spit. I am nearly blind with grief, my limbs reduced to a shadow. Job 17:6-7 CJB

22 At these words, one of the guards standing by slapped Yeshua in the face and said, “This is how you talk to the cohen hagadol?” Yeshua answered him, “If I said something wrong, state publicly what was wrong; but if I was right, why are you hitting me?” John 18:22 CJB

9 “Now I have become their song; yes, I am a byword with them. They loathe me, they stand aloof from me; 10 they don’t hesitate to spit in my face! Job 30:9-10 CJB

67 Then they spit in his face and pounded him with their fists; and those who were beating him 68 said, “Now, you ‘Messiah,’ ‘prophesy’ to us: who hit you that time?” Matthew 26:67-28 CJB

30 They spit on him and used the stick to beat him about the head. Matthew 27:30 CJB

Job and Yeshua both bore the indictment of their adversaries

35b I wish I had the indictment my adversary has written! I would carry it on my shoulder; 36 I would bind it on me like a crown. Job 31:35b-36 CJB

16 Then Pilate handed Yeshua over to them to have him put to death on the stake.
So they took charge of Yeshua. 17 Carrying the stake himself he went out to the place called Skull (in Aramaic, Gulgolta). John 19:16-17 CJB

28 They stripped off his clothes and put on him a scarlet robe, 29 wove thorn-branches into a crown and put it on his head, and put a stick in his right hand. Then they kneeled down in front of him and made fun of him: “Hail to the King of the Jews!” Matthew 27:28-29 CJB

Job and Yeshua were both wrongly considered to have been smitten [punished] by God.

4 For the arrows of Shaddai find their mark in me, and my spirit is drinking in their poison; the terrors of God are arrayed against me. Job 6:4 CJB

8 “If only I could have my wish granted, and God would give me what I’m hoping for — 9 that God would decide to crush me, that he would let his hand loose and cut me off! Job 6:8-9 CJB

3 People despised and avoided him [Yeshua], a man of pains, well acquainted with illness. Like someone from whom people turn their faces, he was despised; we did not value him. 4 In fact, it was our diseases he bore, our pains from which he suffered; yet we [wrongly] regarded him as punished, stricken and afflicted by God. 5 But he was wounded because of our [own] crimes, crushed because of our [own] sins [of injustice committed against Him]; the disciplining that makes us whole fell on him, and by his bruises we are healed. Isaiah 53:3-5 CJB

10 yet it pleased ADONAI to crush him with illness, to see if he would present himself as a guilt offering. If he does, he will see his offspring; and he will prolong his days; and at his hand ADONAI’s desire [for an everlasting ruler of true justice – Isaiah 59:15-16] will be accomplished. Isaiah 53:10 CJB

Job [unknowingly] and Yeshua [knowingly] were both presented as guilt offerings on behalf of others

7 After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me. 8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. My servant Iyov will pray for you —because him I will accept [as a guilt offering] — so that I won’t punish you as your boorishness deserves; because you have not spoken rightly about me, as my servant Iyov has. Job 42:7-8 CJB

9b Although he had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, yet it pleased ADONAI [in keeping with His justice] to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, 10 to see if he [Yeshua] would present himself as a guilt offering [Leviticus 5:18-19] – Isaiah 53:9b-10a CJB

17 If someone sins by doing something against any of the mitzvot of ADONAI concerning things which should not be done, he is guilty, even if he is unaware of it [John 16:2]; and he bears the consequences of his wrongdoing. 18 He must bring a ram without defect from the flock, or its equivalent according to your appraisal, to the cohen for a guilt offering; the cohen will make atonement concerning the error which he committed, even though he was unaware of it; and he will be forgiven. 19 It is a guilt offering — he is certainly guilty before ADONAI. Leviticus 5:17-19 CJB

24 If I had not done in their presence works [of justice] which no one else ever did, they would not be guilty of sin; but now, they have seen them and have hated both me and my Father. 25 But this has happened in order to fulfill the words in their Torah which read, ‘They hated me for no reason at all.‘ John 15:24-25 CJB

6 Yet there is a wisdom [regarding justice] that we are speaking to those who are mature enough for it. But it is not the wisdom of this world or of this world’s leaders [the old covenant Levitical priesthood], who are in the process of passing away. 7 On the contrary, we are communicating a secret wisdom from God which has been hidden until now but which, before history began, God had decreed would bring us [the new covenant Yeshua priesthood] glory. 8 Not one of this world’s leaders has understood it; because if they had, they would not have executed the Lord from whom this glory flows. 1 Corinthians 2:6-8 CJB

Job and Yeshua both were appointed by God as mediators – they pray for the false witnesses of God’s justice – who confess their sin – to be forgiven.

8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. My servant Iyov will pray for you — because him I will accept — so that I won’t punish you as your boorishness deserves; because you have not spoken rightly about me, as my servant Iyov has.“ 9 So Elifaz the Teimani, Bildad the Shuchi and Tzofar the Na’amati went and did what ADONAI had ordered them to do, and ADONAI accepted Iyov[‘s prayer]. Job 42:8-8 CJB

33 When they came to the place called The Skull, they nailed him to a stake; and they nailed the criminals to stakes, one on the right and one on the left. 34 Yeshua said, “Father, forgive them; they don’t understand what they are doing.“ Luke 23:33-34 CJB

5 For God is one [the Shema]; and there is but one Mediator between God and humanity, Yeshua the Messiah, himself human, 6 who gave himself as a ransom on behalf of all, thus providing testimony to God’s purpose at just the right time. 1 Timothy 2:5-6 CJB

Job and Yeshua both have their fortunes restored.

10 When Iyov prayed for his friends, ADONAI restored his fortunes; ADONAI gave Iyov twice as much as he had had before. 11 Then all his brothers and sisters [who by typology are the prophets] came to him, also all who had known him before, and they ate a meal with him in his house. They consoled and comforted him for all the evils ADONAI had inflicted on him. Each one gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring. 12 ADONAI blessed Iyov’s later situation even more than his earlier one — he had 14,000 sheep, 6,000 camels, 1,000 pairs of oxen and 1,000 female donkeys. Job 42:10-12 CJB

31 God has exalted this man at his right hand as Ruler and Savior, in order to enable Isra’el to do t’shuvah and have her sins forgiven. 32 We are witnesses to these things; so is the Ruach HaKodesh, whom God has given to those who obey him.“ Acts 5:31-32 CJB

9 Therefore God raised him to the highest place and gave him the name above every name; Philippians 2:9 CJB

Job & Yeshua are both given a beautiful offspring and long life.

13 He also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 The first he named Y’mimah; the second, K’tzi’ah; and the third, Keren-Hapukh. 15 Nowhere in the land could women be found as beautiful as Iyov’s daughters; and their father gave them inheritances along with their brothers. 16 After this, Iyov lived 140 years, long enough to see his sons and grandsons, four generations. 17 Then, old and full of days, Iyov died. Job 42:13-15 CJB

26 For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this [same] trusting faithfulness [pursuit of justice]; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Also, if you belong to the Messiah, you are seed of Avraham and heirs according to the promise. Galatians 3:26-29 CJB

10 yet it pleased ADONAI to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, to see if he would present himself as a guilt offering. If he does, he will see his offspring; and he will prolong his days; and at his hand ADONAI’s desire [for justice] will be accomplished. Isaiah 53:10 CJB

Job and Yeshua with the Spirit’s help both overcame Satan’s temptations.

3 Yes, think about him [Yeshua] who endured such hostility against himself from sinners, so that you won’t grow tired or become despondent. 4 You [like Job] have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in the contest against sin. 5 Also you have forgotten the counsel which speaks with you as sons: “My son, don’t despise the discipline of ADONAI or become despondent when he corrects you. 6 For ADONAI disciplines those he loves and whips everyone he accepts as a son.” 7 Regard your endurance as discipline; God is dealing with you as sons. For what son goes undisciplined by his father? 8 All legitimate sons undergo discipline; so if you don’t, you’re a mamzer and not a son! 9 Furthermore, we had physical fathers who disciplined us, and we respected them; how much more should we submit to our spiritual Father and live! 10 For they disciplined us only for a short time and only as best they could; but he disciplines us in a way that provides genuine benefit to us and enables us to share in his holiness. 11 Now, all discipline, while it is happening, does indeed seem painful, not enjoyable; but for those who have been trained by it, it later produces its peaceful fruit, which is righteousness [right justice]. Hebrews 12:3-11 CJB

15 For we do not have a cohen gadol unable to empathize with our weaknesses; since in every respect he was tempted just as we are, the only difference being that he did not sin. 16 Therefore, let us confidently approach the throne from which God gives grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace in our time of need. Hebrews 4:15-16 CJB

9 And they sang a new song, “You are worthy to take the scroll and break its seals; [Why?] because you were slaughtered [defending God’s impartiality in His choice of a Redeemer]; at the cost of blood you ransomed for God persons from every tribe, language, people and nation. 10 You made them into a kingdom for God to rule, cohanim to serve him; and they will rule over the earth.” Revelation 5:9-10 CJB

One of the things I love most about the book of Job is that it challenges us with regard to the questions we ask and the judgments we make. Oftentimes, our questions and statements reveal the judgment we have already made.

Which question deserves our greater attention?

“Who sinned, this man or his parents?” or “Have we spoken rightly about God?”

Something to ponder…

[My commentary in brackets]

The Reception of Justice (Yeshua)

12 But to as many as did receive him [Justice – with a capital ‘J’ – Jesus], to those who put their trust in his person and power, he gave the right to become children of God, not because of bloodline, physical impulse or human intention, but because of God. – John 1:12 CJB

14 Just as Moshe lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up; 15 so that everyone who trusts in him may have eternal life. 16 “For [today – in the same manner as depicted then – in that situation] God [has] so loved the world that he gave his only and unique Son [of justice from heaven], so that everyone who trusts in him may have eternal life, instead of being utterly destroyed. 17 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but rather so that through him, the world might be saved. 18 Those who trust in him [for salvation – for true justice – Isaiah 46:13] are not judged; those who do not trust have been judged already [they are already experiencing God’s judgment – through the unjust rulings of their unjust religious leaders – the snakes – Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34], in that they have not trusted in the one who is God’s only and unique Son. – John 3:14-18 CJB

[The most important word in John 3:16 is the word ‘For’ because it frames up how the verse is to be properly understood – that is, in the same way that Numbers 21:5-9 is understood. In that account, the people of Israel rebelled against God’s ordained leader Moses by electing their own (the snakes which God sent among them). Because of the snakes, many were bitten and died and the only way they would be saved was by looking upon an anthropomorphism of their shame (a serpent) placed on a pole. Nicodemus must receive God’s leader & authority sent from heaven in order for him to have ‘eternal life’. The concept of ‘eternal life’ is short-hand for what the prophets foresaw occurring only by the hand of the Messiah – that is, the ‘perpetual sustainment of justice forever’ – and it’s resulting peace and blessing – Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 32:15-18; Isaiah 51:6; John 5:39-40; Galatians 3:23-25. Israel’s leaders would again be made to look upon their shame – the Just Lamb of God – unjustly hung on a cross – Acts 4:10; Acts 4:23-26; Acts 5:30; Acts 6:11-13; Colossians 2:15]

29 The next day, Yochanan saw Yeshua coming toward him and said, “Look! God’s lamb! The one who is taking away [Strongs g0142 – ‘ario’ – to lift up, that is to make visible] the sin of the world! – John 1:29 CJB

7 But when Yochanan saw many of the P’rushim and Tz’dukim coming to be immersed by him, he said to them, “You snakes! Who warned you to escape the coming punishment? 8 If you have really turned from your sins to God, produce [the] fruit [of justice] that will prove it! – Matthew 3:7-8 CJB

33 “If you make a tree good [just], its fruit will be good [justice]; and if you make a tree bad [unjust], its fruit will be bad [injustice]; for a tree is known by its fruit. 34 You snakes! How can you who are evil say anything good? For the mouth speaks what overflows from the heart. 35 The good person brings forth good things from his store of good, and the evil person brings forth evil things from his store of evil. 36 Moreover, I tell you this: on the Day of Judgment people will have to give account for every careless word they have spoken; 37 for by your own words you will be acquitted, and by your own words you will be condemned.” – Matthew 12:33-37 CJB

23 Now while Yeshua was in Yerushalayim at the Pesach festival, there were many people who “believed in his name” when they saw the miracles he performed. 24 But he did not commit himself to them, for he knew what people are like [they care only about material prosperity and individual justice – not about the true, holistic justice He offered] — 25 that is, he didn’t need anyone to inform him about a person [and their true desire], because he knew what was in the person’s heart. – John 2:23-25 CJB

25 God put Yeshua forward as the kapparah for sin through his faithfulness in respect to his bloody sacrificial death. This vindicated God’s righteousness [right justice]; because, in his forbearance, he had passed over [with neither punishment nor remission] the sins people [the failed Levitical priesthood system is in view] had committed in the past; 26 and it vindicates his righteousness in the present age by showing that he is righteous [Just] himself [by punishing Levi’s priesthood] and is also the one who makes people righteous on the ground of Yeshua’s faithfulness [to suffer for justice at the hands of the unjust]. – Romans 3:25-26 CJB

18 I will raise up for them a [‘the’] prophet [Yeshua] like you [Moses] from among their kinsmen. I will put my words [of justice] in his mouth [Luke 4:17-22], and he will tell them everything I order him. Whoever doesn’t listen to my words, which he will speak in my name, will have to account for himself to me. – Deuteronomy 18:18 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

The Instruction For Justice (Torah)

Q. What is God’s goal in giving the Torah?

A. Torah was given as instruction for the proper administration of justice. Torah was not given within the context of a 15th century “merit theology” narrative. The goal of Torah is justice.

16 Whenever they have a dispute [with regard to justice], it comes to me [Moses]; I judge between one person and another, and I explain to them God’s laws and teachings [for the proper administration of justice].” Exodus 18:16 CJB

19 So listen now to what I [Jethro] have to say. I will give you some advice, and God will be with you. You should represent the people before God, and you should bring their cases [disputes regarding justice] to God. 20 You should also teach them the laws and the teachings, and show them how to live their lives [together] and what work they should do. Exodus 18:19-20 CJB

8 What great nation is there that has laws and rulings as just as this entire Torah which I am setting before you today? Deuteronomy 4:8 CJB

7 Pay everyone what he is owed: if you owe the tax-collector, pay your taxes; if you owe the revenue-collector, pay revenue; if you owe someone respect, pay him respect; if you owe someone honor, pay him honor. 8 Don’t owe anyone anything—except to love one another; for whoever loves his fellow human being [for the proper administration of justice] has fulfilled Torah. 9 For the commandments, “Don’t commit adultery,” “Don’t murder,” “Don’t steal,” “Don’t covet,”and any others are summed up in this one rule: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does not do harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fullness [the full expression] of Torah [God’s instructions for justice]. Romans 13:7-10 CJB

4 For the goal at which the Torah aims is [perfectly realized in] the Messiah, who offers righteousness [right justice] to everyone who trusts [in Him]. 5 For Moshe writes about the righteousness [right justice] grounded in the Torah that the person [Yeshua] who does these things will attain [eternal] life through them. Romans 10:4-5 CJB

23 Now before the time for this trusting faithfulness [of Yeshua to perfectly obey Torah for the proper administration of justice] came, we were imprisoned in subjection to the system which results from perverting the Torah into legalism [the failed Levitical system – of which Paul is very familiar – which did violence to Torah – subverting Torah’s goal of justice – for their own political power – Zephaniah 3:4], kept under guard until this yet-to-come trusting faithfulness [of Yeshua’s priesthood] would be revealed. Accordingly, the Torah [perverted by the violence done to it by Israel’s corrupt religious leaders – Zephaniah 3:4] functioned as a custodian [keeping Israel under the curses warned about in the Torah – Deuteronomy 28:15] until the Messiah came, so that we might be declared righteous [pursuers of justice] on the ground of [Yeshua’s] trusting and being faithful [to obey Torah for the proper administration of justice]. But now that the time for this trusting faithfulness has come, we are no longer under [such] a ‘custodian’ [under such a perversion of Torah as taught by Israel’s corrupt religious establishment – but under ‘grace’ – under Yeshua’s perfect & everlasting administration of Torah] Galatians 3:23-25 CJB

12 See, the Word of God [Yeshua] is alive! It is at work and is sharper than any double-edged sword — it cuts right through to where soul meets spirit and joints meet marrow, and it is quick to judge the inner reflections and attitudes of the heart. 13 Before God, nothing created is hidden, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must render an account. Hebrews 4:12-13 CJB

Q. What is sin?

A. Sin is the transgression of Torah’s goal.

3 No one has ever heard, no ear perceived, no eye seen, any God but you. You work for him who waits for you. 4 You favored those [an earlier generation] who were glad to do justice, those who remembered you in your way. When you were angry, we [a later generation] kept sinning; but if we keep your ancient ways [for the proper administration of justice], we will be saved. 5 All of us [Isaiah’s generation] are like someone unclean, all our righteous deeds [human attempts to properly administer justice – in ways which contradict the prescription of Torah] like menstrual rags; we wither, all of us, like leaves; and our misdeeds blow us away like the wind. 6 No one calls on your name or bestirs himself to take hold of you, for you have hidden your face from us and caused our misdeeds to destroy us. Isaiah 64:3-6 CJB

4 Everyone who keeps sinning is violating Torah — indeed, sin is violation of Torah. 1 John 3:4 CJB

Q. What is grace?

A. Grace is the unmerited provision of instruction, discernment, patience, forgiveness and redemption for justice.

29 Keep deceitful ways far from me, and favor [grace] me with your Torah. Psalm 119:29 CJB

64 The earth, ADONAI, is full of your grace [for justice]; teach me your laws. Psalm 119:64 CJB

88 In keeping with your grace [Ephesians 2:8-10], revive [save] me; and I will observe your spoken instructions. Psalm 119:88 CJB

116 Uphold me [with your Spirit – enabling me to keep your laws], as you promised; and I will live; don’t disappoint me in my hope. 117 Support me; and I will be saved, always putting my attention on your laws. Psalm 119:116-117 CJB

124 Deal with your servant in accordance with your grace, and teach me your laws. 125 I am your servant; give me understanding, so that I can know your instruction. Psalm 119:124-125 CJB

135 Make your face shine [with grace] on your servant, and teach me your laws. Psalm 119:135 CJB

8 For you have been delivered by grace through trusting, and even this is not your accomplishment but God’s gift. 9 You were not delivered by your own actions; therefore no one should boast. 10 For we are [priests] of God’s making, created in union with the Messiah Yeshua for a life of good actions already prepared by God for us to do. Ephesians 2:8-10 CJB

Q. What is faith?

A. Faith is “being confident of what we hope for, convinced about things we do not see”

1 Trusting [faith – Gk. pistis] is being confident of what we hope for, convinced about things we do not see. Hebrews 11:1 CJB

But what is “hoped for” but “not seen”? – True justice!

9 This is why justice is far from us, and righteousness doesn’t catch up with us; we look for light [discernment for justice], but see only darkness [injustice], for brightness [justice], but we walk in gloom [injustice]. 10 We grope for the wall like the blind; like people without eyes we feel our way; we stumble at noonday as if it were dusk, we are in dark places like the dead. 11 We growl, all of us, like bears [hungering for justice – Matthew 5:6 “How blessed are those who hunger and thirst for dikaiosune/justice! for they will be filled”] and moan pitifully like doves [thirsting for justice]; we look [hoping] for justice, but there is none [to be seen]; for salvation [the restoration of justice in the world], but it is far from us. Isaiah 59:9-11 CJB

24 It was in this hope [for true justice] that we were saved. But if we see what we hope for, it isn’t hope – after all, who hopes for what he already sees? 25 But if we continue hoping for something we don’t see, then we still wait eagerly for it, with perseverance. Romans 8:24-25 CJB

Faith then is pursuing justice in the now, to the best of our ability, in keeping with the true justice the Messiah will bring to earth from heaven when He returns. Faith is both active & passive – it works for God & it waits on God.

Q. What is salvation?

A. Salvation is the restoration of justice in the world (imperfectly by humanity, perfectly by the Messiah).

155 Salvation is far away from the wicked, because they don’t seek your laws. Psalm 119:155 CJB

5 ADONAI is exalted, for he dwells on high; he has filled Tziyon with justice and right. 6 He will be the stability of your times, a wealth of salvation, wisdom and knowledge, and fear of ADONAI, which is his treasure. Isaiah 33:5-6 CJB

1 Here is what ADONAI says: “Observe justice, do what is right, for my salvation [my Yeshua] is close to coming, my righteousness [right justice] to being revealed.” Isaiah 56:1 CJB

Q. What is eternal life?

A. The perpetual sustainment of true justice forever by the Messiah.

6 For a child is born to us, a son is given to us; dominion will rest on his shoulders, and he will be given the name Pele-Yo’etz El Gibbor Avi-‘Ad Sar-Shalom [Wonder of a Counselor] [for justice], Mighty God [enforcer of justice], Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace], 7 in order to extend the dominion and perpetuate the peace of the throne and kingdom of David, to secure it and sustain it through justice and righteousness henceforth and forever [eternal life]. The zeal of ADONAI-Tzva’ot will accomplish this. Isaiah 9:6 CJB

17 And the work [fruit] of [Yeshua’s] righteousness [right justice] will be peace [salvation], and the service of righteousness, quietness and confidence forever [eternal life]. 18 Then my people will live in a peaceful habitation, and in secure dwellings and in undisturbed resting places; Isaiah 32:17-18 CJB

4 “Pay attention to me, my people! My nation, listen to me! For Torah [instruction] will go out from me; I will calm them with my justice as a light for the peoples [John 8:12]. 5 My righteousness [justice] is at hand, my salvation goes out, my arms [of justice] will judge the peoples. The coastlands are putting their hope in me [for justice – for salvation], trusting in my arm [of justice – Isaiah 53:1] . 6 “Raise your eyes toward the skies, look at the earth below. The skies will vanish like smoke, the earth will wear out like clothing. Those living on it will die like flies; but my salvation will be forever, and my justice will never end [eternal life]. Isaiah 51:4-6 CJB

39 You [Pharisees – you unjust judges] keep examining the Tanakh because you [mistakenly] think that in it [by the hand of humanity – Job 40:14] you have eternal life. Those very Scriptures bear witness to me [God in the flesh], 40 but you won’t come to me [the Living Torah] in order to have [eternal] life! John 5:39-40 CJB

Q. What is the relationship between “the Law” and “grace”?

A. While the written Torah (“The Law”) was given by God for life & for salvation, the written Torah (an inanimate object) cannot produce salvation (the restoration of justice in the earth) by the hand of mankind (unjust judges – devoid of God’s perfect wisdom to discern justice, and perfect strength to enforce justice). However, the written Torah taught and properly administered for justice by the Living Torah (Yeshua) will result in everlasting life and salvation.

19 “Therefore, repent and turn to God, so that your sins may be erased; 20 so that times of refreshing may come from the Lord’s presence; and he may send the Messiah appointed in advance for you, that is, Yeshua. 21 He has to remain in heaven until the time comes for restoring everything [justice in the earth], as God said long ago, when he spoke through the holy prophets. Acts 3:19-21 CJB

12 There is salvation in no one else! For there is no other name [ruler or judge] under heaven given to mankind by whom we must be saved!” Acts 4:12 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

Have a joyful Sabbath.


The Delusion of False Justice

[In 1981, the United Nations proclaimed September 21 – “Peace Day”]

8 The way of shalom [peace] they [those who do not acknowledge God] do not know, their goings-about obey no law, they [being deluded] make devious paths for themselves; no one treading them will ever know shalom. 9 This is why justice is far from us, and righteousness doesn’t catch up with us; we look for light, but see only darkness, for brightness, but we walk in gloom. Isaiah 59:8-9 CJB

1 But you have no need to have anything written to you, brothers, about the times and dates when this will happen; 2 because you yourselves well know that the Day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. 3 When people are [deluding themselves?] saying, “Everything is so peaceful and secure,” then destruction will suddenly come upon them, the way labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and there is no way they will escape. 4 But you, brothers, are not in the dark, so that the Day should take you by surprise like a thief; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-4 CJB

25 “There will appear signs in the sun, moon and stars; and on earth, nations will be in anxiety and bewilderment at the sound and surge of the sea [civil unrest & natural disasters], 26 as people faint with fear at the prospect of what is overtaking the world; for the powers in heaven will be shaken. 27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a [storm] cloud with tremendous power and glory. 28 When these things start to happen, stand up and hold your heads high; because you are about to be liberated!” Luke 21:25-28 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]

The Heart for Justice (The Shema)

4 “Sh’ma, Yisra’el! ADONAI Eloheinu, ADONAI echad [Hear, Isra’el! ADONAI our God, ADONAI is one]; 5 and you are to love ADODAI your God with all your heart, all your being and all your resources. 6 These words, which I am ordering you today, are to be on your heart; Deuteronomy 6:4-6 CJB

30 The mouth of the righteous articulates wisdom, his tongue speaks justice. 31 The Torah of his God is in his heart; his footsteps do not falter. Psalm 37:30-31 CJB

9 Doing your will, my God, is my joy; your Torah is in my inmost being. 10 I have proclaimed what is right [what is just] in the great assembly; I did not restrain my lips, ADONAI, as you know. 11 I did not hide your righteousness [right justice] in my heart but declared your faithfulness [to do justice] and salvation; I did not conceal your grace and truth [Torah instruction] from the great assembly.” Psalm 40:9-11 CJB

1 My son, don’t forget my teaching, keep my commands in your heart; 2 for they will add to you [your nation] many days, years of life and peace. 3 Do not let grace and truth [Torah’s instruction] leave you — bind them around your neck; write them on the tablet of your heart. Proverbs 31:1-3 CJB

25 No previous king was like him [Hezekiah]; because he turned to ADONAI with all his heart, with all his being and with all his power [to administer justice], in accordance with all the Torah of Moshe; nor did any king like him arise afterwards. 2 Kings 23:25 CJB

14 And [Solomon] said, “ADONAI, God of Isra’el, there is no God like you in heaven or on earth. You keep covenant with your servants and show them grace, provided they live [justly] in Your presence with all their heart. 2 Chronicles 6:14 CJB

10 For ‘Ezra had set his heart on studying and practicing the Torah of ADONAI and teaching Isra’el the laws and rulings. Ezra 7:10 CJB

32 “For this is the covenant I will make WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL after those days,” says ADONAI: “I will [once again] put my Torah [which was given for the proper administration of justice] within them and write it on their hearts; I will be their God, and they will be my people. 33 No longer will any of them teach his fellow community member or his brother, ‘Know ADONAI’; for all will know me, from the least of them to the greatest; because I will forgive their wickednesses and remember their sins no more.” Jeremiah 31:32-33 CJB

9 “In the past ADONAI-Tzva’ot said, ‘Administer true justice. Let everyone show mercy and compassion to his brother. 10 Don’t oppress widows, orphans, foreigners or poor people. Don’t plot evil against each other.’ 11 But they [Israel’s religous leaders] wouldn’t listen, they stubbornly turned their shoulder away and stopped up their ears, so that they wouldn’t have to hear it. 12 Yes, they made their hearts as hard as a diamond, so they wouldn’t hear the Torah [God’s instructions for justice] and the messages that ADONAI-Tzva’ot had sent by his Spirit through the earlier prophets. This is why great anger came from ADONAI-Tzva’ot; Zechariah 7:9-12 CJB

22 Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth [the Living Torah (Yeshua’s) instruction for justice], so that you have a sincere love for your brothers, love each other deeply, with all your heart. 23 You have been born again not from some seed that will decay, but from one that cannot decay, through the living Word of God that lasts forever. 24 For all humanity is like grass, all its glory is like a wildflower — the grass withers, and the flower falls off; 25 but the Word [the Torah] of ADONAI lasts forever. Moreover, this Word [this Living Torah – Yeshua] is the Good News which has been proclaimed to you. 1 Peter 1:22-25 CJB

[My commentary in brackets]