The book of Job gives us a wonderful view into the atonement of Yeshua like no other book in scripture. It describes in detail, why Job (and through typology – Yeshua) was made to suffer and the resulting consequences to all parties involved. While many focus on the conflict occurring on earth between Job and his three “friends”, the real conflict of substance is taking place in heaven between YHWH & Satan. YHWH’s commendation of His faithful servant Job, affords Satan an “opportunity” to put YHWH (Justice Himself – Psalm 89:14) on trial. YHWH’s Torah (instruction) was given for the proper administration of justice – so accordingly it contains some specific prohibitions to guard against it’s misuse. One such prohibition is as follows: “You are not to show favoritism when judging” – Deuteronomy 1:17. By His commendation of Job, YHWH has made a judgment call – He has made a distinction – between Job and every other living person on earth – and this becomes the foothold that Satan uses to accuse YHWH:
“How are you certain that Job is the most just person on earth? This is only so because you are protecting him from me – you have put a protective hedge around him – and if you have done so, you have shown favoritism in your judgment! If you deliver Job into my hand, will your judgment of him still stand?”
Participants, roles and types
Satan – the accuser of God’s justice
The sons of God – the witnesses to the trial (Hebrews 12:1-3)
God – the accused (of showing partiality to His servant Job)
Job – the true witness to God’s justice (a type of Yeshua)
Eliphas, Zophar, Bildad – the false witnesses to God’s justice (a type of the scribes, pharisees, sadduccees)
Elihu – the defender of the accused (a type of the Holy Spirit)
Job’s children whose house fell upon them (a type of the Levitical priesthood – 1 Samuel 3:13?)
Job’s beautiful offspring (a type of the Yeshua/Melchisedek priesthood)
Job and Yeshua were both blessed by God and wealthy – before their tribulation.
2 Seven sons and three daughters were born to him. 3 He owned 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 pairs of oxen and 500 female donkeys, as well as a great number of servants; so that he was the wealthiest man in the east. Job 1:2-3 CJB
9 For you know how generous our Lord Yeshua the Messiah was — for your sakes he impoverished himself, even though he was rich, so that he might make you rich by means of his poverty. 2 Corinthians 8:9 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both priests – before their tribulation.
Job most likely lived during the patriarchal period since he was the priest for his household – as was Abraham – before the Levitical system was established which required proof of ancestry (“Father & Mother”) to qualify for service.
4 It was the custom of his sons to give banquets, each on his set day in his own house; and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5 After a cycle of banquets, Iyov would send for them to come and be consecrated; then he would get up early in the morning and offer burnt offerings for each of them, because Iyov said, “My sons might have sinned and blasphemed God in their thoughts.” This is what Iyov did every time. Job 1:4-5 CJB
19 We have this hope as a sure and safe anchor for ourselves, a hope that goes right on through to what is inside the parokhet, 20 where a forerunner has entered on our behalf, namely, Yeshua, who has become a cohen gadol forever, to be compared with Malki-Tzedek. 1 This Malki-Tzedek, king of Shalem, a cohen of God Ha’Elyon, met Avraham on his way back from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him; 2 also Avraham gave him a tenth of everything. Now first of all, by translation of his name, he is “king of righteousness [right justice]”; and then he is also king of Shalem, which means “king of peace.“ 3 There is no record of his father, mother, ancestry, birth or death [so he would not have qualified for the Levitical priesthood]; rather, like the Son of God, he continues as a cohen for all time [Yeshua was a priest before His incarnation]. Hebrews 6:19-7:3 CJB
61 and of the descendants of the cohanim: descendants of Havayah, descendants of Hakotz, anddescendants of Barzillai, who took a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gil’adi and was named after them. 62 These tried to locate their genealogical records, but they weren’t found. Therefore they were considered defiled and were not allowed to serve as cohanim. Ezra 2:61-62 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both commended by God – before their tribulation.
8 ADONAI asked the Adversary, “Did you notice my servant Iyov, that there’s no one like him on earth, a blameless and upright [just] man who fears God and shuns evil [injustice]?“ Job 1:6-8 CJB
13 Then Yeshua came from the Galil to the Yarden to be immersed by Yochanan. 14 But Yochanan tried to stop him. “You are coming to me? I ought to be immersed by you!” 15 However, Yeshua answered him, “Let it be this way now, because we should do everything righteousness [right justice] requires.” Then Yochanan let him. 16 As soon as Yeshua had been immersed, he came up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, he saw the Spirit of God coming down upon him like a dove, 17 and a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; I am well pleased with him.“ Matthew 3:13-17 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both accused by Satan of having been shown partiality by God.
10 You’ve put a protective hedge around him [Job], his house and everything he has. You’ve prospered his work, and his livestock are spread out all over the land. 11 But if you reach out your hand and touch whatever he has, without doubt he’ll curse you to your face!“ Job 1:10-11 CJB
5 Then the Adversary took him [Yeshua] to the holy city and set him on the highest point of the Temple. 6 “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “jump! For the Tanakh says, ‘He will order his angels to be responsible for you…. [God has put a protective hedge around You] They will support you with their hands, so that you will not hurt your feet on the stones.’“ 7 Yeshua replied to him, “But it also says, ‘Do not put ADONAI your God to the test [which is what the book of Job & Yeshua’s work of atonement are both about – Satan putting God’s justice to the test].’“ Matthew 4:5-7 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both subjected to suffering at the hands of blinded humanity for the glory & honor of God’s justice.
12 ADONAI said to the Adversary, “Here! Everything he [Job] has is in your hands, except that you are not to lay a finger on his person.” Then the Adversary went out from the presence of ADONAI. Job 1:12 CJB
1 Then the Spirit led Yeshua up into the wilderness to be tempted by the Adversary. Matthew 4:1 CJB
9b Although he had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, 10 yet it pleased ADONAI [for the glory and honor of His justice] to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, to see if he [Yeshua] would present himself as a guilt offering – Isaiah 53:9b-10a CJB
13 Then Yeshua came from the Galil to the Yarden to be immersed by Yochanan. 14 But Yochanan tried to stop him. “You are coming to me? I ought to be immersed by you!” 15 However, Yeshua answered him, “Let it be this way now, because we should do everything righteousness [right justice – i.e. God] requires.” Then Yochanan let him. Matthew 3:13-15 CJB
8 he [Yeshua] humbled himself still more by becoming obedient [for the glory & honor of God’s justice] even to [an unjust] death — death on a stake as a criminal! Philippians 2:8 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both chided by their persecutors for calling on God during their tribulation.
1 Then Job responded, 2 “Truly then you are the [only] people [alive who know wisdom for justice] , And with you [when you die] wisdom [for justice] will die! 3 “But I have intelligence as well as you; I am not inferior to you. And who does not know such things as these? 4 [You mock and say] “I am a joke to my friends, The one who called on God [for deliverance] and He answered him [with affliction]; The just and blameless man is a joke. Job 12:1-4 NASB
42 “He saved others, but he can’t save himself! [from affliction]” “So he’s King of Isra’el, is he? Let him come down now from the stake! Then we’ll believe him!” 43 “He trusted God? So, let him [God] rescue him if he wants him! After all, he did say, ‘I’m the Son of God [the just and blameless man]’!” 44 Even the robbers nailed up with him insulted him in the same way. Matthew 27:42-44 CJB
Job and Yeshua both believed they would be vindicated by God through resurrection.
25 “But I know that my Redeemer lives, that in the end he will rise on the dust; 26 so that after my skin has been thus destroyed, then even without my flesh, I will see God. 27 I will see him for myself, my eyes, not someone else’s, will behold him. My heart grows weak inside me! Job 19:25-27 CJB
6 I offered my back to those who struck me, my cheeks to those who plucked out my beard; I did not hide my face from insult and spitting. 7 For Adonai ELOHIM will help. This is why no insult can wound me. This is why I have set my face like flint, knowing I will not be put to shame. 8 My vindicator is close by; let whoever dares to accuse me appear with me in court! Let whoever has a case against me step forward! 9 Look, if Adonai ELOHIM helps me, who will dare to condemn me? Here, they are all falling apart like old, moth-eaten clothes. 10 Who among you fears ADONAI? Who obeys what his servant says? Even when he walks in the dark, without any light, he will trust in ADONAI’s reputation and rely on his God. Isaiah 50:6-10 CJB
19 Yeshua answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up again.” 20 The Judeans said, “It took 46 years to build this Temple, and you’re going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the “temple” he had spoken of was his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his talmidim remembered that he had said this, and they trusted in the Tanakh and in what Yeshua had said. John 2:19-22 CJB
Job and Yeshua both treasured God’s words for justice more than physical food.
11 My feet have stayed in his footsteps; I keep to his way [of justice] without turning aside. I don’t withdraw from his lips’ command; I treasure his words [for justice] more than my daily food. Job 23:11-12 CJB
4 After Yeshua had fasted forty days and nights, he was hungry. 3 The Tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, order these stones to become bread.” 4 But he answered, “The Tanakh says, ‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of ADONAI‘“. Matthew 4:2-4 CJB
Job and Yeshua both affirm that God alone should be worshipped.
20 Iyov got up, tore his coat, shaved his head, fell down on the ground and worshipped [God]; 21 he said, “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will return there. ADONAI gave; ADONAI took; blessed be the name of ADONAI.“ Job 1:20-21 CJB
8 Once more, the Adversary took him up to the summit of a very high mountain, showed him all the kingdoms of the world in all their glory, 9 and said to him, “All this I [Satan] will give you if you will bow down and worship me.” 10 “Away with you, Satan!” Yeshua told him, “For the Tanakh says, ‘Worship ADONAI your God, and serve only him.’“ Matthew 4:8-10 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both confident of their own justice to the end.
1 So these three men stopped trying to answer Iyov, because he remained convinced of his own righteousness [as not being the cause of his affliction]. 2 But then the anger of Elihu [who personifies the Holy Spirit] the son of Barakh’el the Buzi, from the family of Ram, blazed up against Iyov for thinking he was right [to hold so tightly to his own justice] and God wrong [for allowing him to undergo affliction]. Job 32:1-2 CJB
63 Yeshua remained silent. The cohen hagadol said to him, “I put you under oath! By the living God, tell us if you are the Mashiach, the Son of God!” 64 Yeshua said to him, “The words are your own. But I tell you that one day you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of HaG’vurah and coming on the clouds of heaven.“ Matthew 26:64 CJB
37 “So then,” Pilate said to him, “You are a king, after all.” Yeshua answered, “You say I am a king. The reason I have been born, the reason I have come into the world, is to bear witness to the truth [regarding God’s justice]. Every one who belongs to the truth [regarding God’s justice] listens to me.” 38 Pilate asked him, “What is [the] truth [for justice – I have seen no such ‘truth’ today – Romans 2:24]?“ John 18:37-38 CJB
Job and Yeshua both received comfort during their trial.
4 It is the Spirit of God that made me [Elihu], the breath of Shaddai that gives me life. 5 So refute me, if you can; organize your words, take your stand! 6 Look, before God I’m the same as you; I too am [a man] fashioned from clay. 7 You don’t need to be afraid of me; my pressure on you will not be heavy. Job 33:4-7 CJB
31 “Pay attention, Iyov, listen to me [Elihu]; keep quiet, and I will keep speaking. If you have something to say, answer me; speak, because I want to show that you [Job] are right. If not, then listen to me; keep quiet, and I will teach you wisdom [regarding justice].“ Job 33:31-33 CJB
42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me; still, let not my will but yours be done.” 43 There appeared to him an angel from heaven giving him strength [to endure for the glory and honor of God’s justice], 44 and in great anguish he prayed more intensely, so that his sweat became like drops of blood falling to the ground. Luke 22:42-44 CJB
Elihu, the youngest of Job’s friends, who should not be as wise as the older three (Eliphaz, Bildad & Zophar), is found to be the wisest – being filled with the Holy Spirit of justice. He both comforts & convicts Job during his tribulation. In this regard, the typology of Job prefiguring Yeshua by necessity weakens as the Spirit does not convict Yeshua of sin.
6 Elihu the son of Barakh’el the Buzi said: “I am young, and you [three] are old, so I held back from telling you my opinion. 7 I said, ‘Age should speak; an abundance of years should teach wisdom [for justice].‘ 8 But it is the [Holy] spirit in a person, the breath from Shaddai, that gives him understanding [for justice] — it isn’t [only] the great who are wise or the aged who know how to judge. Job 32:6-8 CJB
All four of Job’s friends come to the same conclusion: Job has sinned.
But while Eliphaz (Job 4:7; 15:4-6; 22:5), Bildad (Job 8:5-6; 18:4) and Zophar (Job 11:6; 20:29) conclude that Job’s sin precedes and is the cause for his affliction, Elihu concludes that Job’s sin proceeds from an improper response to his affliction.
1 As Yeshua passed along, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 His talmidim asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned — this man or his parents — to cause him to be born blind?” 3 Yeshua answered, “His blindness is due neither to his sin nor to that of his parents; it happened so that God’s power [for justice] might be seen at work in him. John 9:1-3 CJB
1 Elihu continued speaking: 2 “Hear my words [of satire], you sages [of wisdom – speaking of Eliphaz, Bildad & Zophar]! Listen to me, you who [supposedly] know so much! 3 For the ear tests words, just as the palate tastes food. 4 [You say] Let’s choose for ourselves what is just; let’s decide among ourselves [the ‘wise’] what is good. 5 For Iyov [Job] says, ‘I am in the right, but God is denying me justice. 6 Against justice, I am considered a liar; my wound is mortal, though I committed no crime.’ 7 “Is there a man like Iyov [with proven character], who [with pleasure] drinks in scoffing like water, 8 who [with reckless abandon] keeps company with evildoers and goes with wicked men, 9 since he thinks, ‘It profits a person nothing to be in accord with God’? 10 [No! That is stupid talk] “So listen to me, you men with sense! Far be it from God to do anything wicked [to the just]! 11 For he pays people back for what they do and sees that each gets what his conduct deserves. 12 It is certain that God does nothing wicked; Shaddai will not pervert justice. 13 Did someone else put him in charge of the earth? Who else established the entire world? 14 If he were to take back man’s heart to himself, if he gathered to himself his spirit and breath; 15 all flesh would instantly perish, everyone would return to dust. 16 “If you have any sense, [you “sages”] hear this; listen to what I am saying. 17 Should a hater of justice be in control? Job 34:1-17 CJB
1 Elihu added: 2 “Bear with me a little, and I will show you that there is more to say on God’s behalf. 3 I may search far and wide for my arguments, but I will ascribe righteousness [right justice] to God my maker. 4 For the fact is that my words are true; you have with you a [Spirit-filled] man whose views are pure. 5 “Look, God is powerful and despises no one, powerful in his strength of understanding. 6 He does not preserve the lives of the wicked, but he gives justice to the poor. 7 He does not withdraw his eyes from the righteous [not even Job]; but when he sets kings on their throne forever, they may become proud; 8 if, then, they [the righteous] are bound [unjustly – by evil rulers] in chains, held in oppressive cords, 9 he shows them [the righteous – Colossians 2:15] the results of their [the evil rulers] doings, the crimes [expressed through rulings of injustice – Acts 18:2] caused by their pride. 10 He sounds a warning in their ears and orders them to repent of their evil. 11 “If they [the evil rulers] pay attention and obey him, they spend their days in prosperity; their years pass pleasantly. 12 But if they don’t pay attention, they perish by the sword and die without learning their lesson. 13 The godless in heart cherish their anger, not crying for help when he binds them. Job 36:1-13 CJB
23 Shaddai, whom we cannot find, whose power is immense, in his great righteousness does not pervert justice. 24 This is why people fear him; he does not consider those who think of themselves as wise.“ Job 37:23-24 CJB
Job’s affliction was for the glory and honor of God’s justice, it was not the result of any sin Job had previously committed, yet Job in holding on so tightly to the truth about his own justice ends up sinning by impugning the justice of God.
1 Iyov continued his speech: 2 “I swear by the living God, who is denying me justice, and by Shaddai, who deals with me so bitterly, 3 that as long my life remains in me and God’s breath is in my nostrils, 4 my lips will not speak unrighteousness, or my tongue utter deceit. 5 Far be it from me to say you are right; I will keep my integrity till the day I die. 6 I hold to my righteousness [with force]; I won’t let it go; my heart will not shame me as long as I live. Job 27:1-6 CJB
6 ADONAI answered Iyov out of the storm: 7 “Stand up like a man, and brace yourself; I will ask questions; and you, give the answers! 8 “Are you impugning my justice? Putting me [My justice] in the wrong to prove yourself right? Job 40:6-8 CJB
9 Do you have an arm [mighty to enforce justice] like God’s [Isaiah 59:1 – Yeshua is the ‘Arm of the Lord – for justice]? Can you thunder with a voice like his? 10 Come on, deck yourself with majesty and dignity, robe yourself in glory and splendor. 11 Let loose your furious anger [upon the unjust], look at all who are proud, and humble them. 12 Look at all who are proud, and bring them down; tread down the wicked where they stand. 13 Bury them in the ground together, bind their faces in the hidden world. 14 If you [a finite human] do this, then I will confess to you that your own power can save you [but it cannot – Acts 4:12] . Job 40:9-14 CJB
Man’s wisdom to discern justice (Job 38-39) & his strength to enforce justice (Job 40-41) pale in comparison to YHWH’s. YHWH instructs Job that He alone is able to save.
Yeshua suffered to the very end without impugning God’s justice.
6 Though he [Yeshua] was in the form of God, he did not regard equality with God something to be possessed by force [so as to impugn the justice of God – Job 27:6] . Philippians 2:6 CJB
46 Crying out with a loud voice, Yeshua said, “Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit. “With these words he gave up his spirit. Luke 23:46 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both in the end condemned by their friends – but God showed them mercy.
3 His [Elihu’s] anger also blazed up against his three friends, because they [Eliphaz, Zophar, and Bildad] had found no answer to Iyov but condemned him anyway. Job 32:3 CJB
11 He [the incarnation of justice] came to his own homeland, yet his own people did not receive him. John 1:11 CJB
59 The head cohanim and the whole Sanhedrin looked for some false evidence against Yeshua, so that they might put him to death. 60 But they didn’t find any, even though many liars came forward to give testimony. 61 “This man said, ‘I can tear down God’s Temple and build it again in three days.'” 62 The cohen hagadol stood up and said, “Have you nothing to say to the accusation these men are making?” 63 Yeshua remained silent. The cohen hagadol said to him, “I put you under oath! By the living God, tell us if you are the Mashiach, the Son of God!” 64 Yeshua said to him, “The words are your own. But I tell you that one day you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of HaG’vurah and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 65 At this, the cohen hagadol tore his robes. “Blasphemy!” he said. “Why do we still need witnesses? You heard him blaspheme! 66 What is your verdict?” “Guilty,” they answered. “He deserves death!” Matthew 26:59-66 CJB
11 Look, we regard those who persevered [for the cause of God’s justice] as blessed. You have heard of the perseverance of Iyov, and you know what the purpose of ADONAI was, [to show] that ADONAI is very compassionate and merciful [Job’s friends weren’t] – James 5:11 CJB
Job and Yeshua both surrender to the glory & honor of the justice of God.
1 Then [at last,] Iyov gave ADONAI this answer: 2 “I know that you can do everything, that no purpose of yours can be thwarted [only YHWH is powerful enough to enforce justice in all the earth]. 3 “[You asked,] ‘Who is this, hiding counsel, without having knowledge?‘ Yes, I spoke, without understanding [only YHWH is wise enough to discern justice in all the earth], of wonders far beyond me, which I didn’t know. 4 “Please listen, and I will speak. [You said,] ‘I will ask questions; and you, give me answers’— 5 I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; 6 therefore I detest [myself] and repent in dust and ashes. 7 “After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me [with regard to justice]. Job 42:1-7 CJB
39 Going on a little farther, he fell on his face, praying, “My Father, if possible, let this cup pass from me! Yet — not what I want, but what you want!“ Matthew 26:39 CJB
39 One of the criminals hanging there hurled insults at him. “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” 40 But the other one spoke up and rebuked the first, saying, “Have you no fear of God? You’re getting the same punishment as he is. 41 Ours is only fair; we’re getting what we deserve for what we did. But this man did nothing wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Yeshua, remember me when you come as King.” 43 Yeshua said to him, “Yes! I promise that you will be with me today in Gan-‘Eden.“ 44 It was now about noon, and darkness covered the whole Land until three o’clock in the afternoon; 45 the sun did not shine. Also the parokhet in the Temple was split down the middle. 46 Crying out with a loud voice, Yeshua said, “Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit.“ With these words he gave up his spirit. 47 When the Roman officer saw what had happened, he began to praise God and said, “Surely this man was innocent!“ Luke 23:39-47 CJB
Job and Yeshua both listen to Elihu’s (Elijah’s) counsel.
23 [Elihu continues] “If there is for him an angel, a mediator, one among a thousand, who can vouch for the man’s uprightness; 24 then [God] is gracious to him and says, ‘Redeem him from going down to the pit; I have found a ransom [in the mediator’s testimony on behalf of the man’s uprightness – Hebrews 2:11-18].’ Job 33:23-24 CJB
45 From noon until three o’clock in the afternoon, all the Land was covered with darkness. 46 At about three, Yeshua uttered a loud cry, “Eli! Eli! L’mah sh’vaktani? (My God! My God! Why have you deserted me?)” 47 On hearing this, some of the bystanders said, “He’s calling for Eliyahu.” 48 Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, soaked it in vinegar, put it on a stick and gave it to him to drink. 49 The rest said, “Wait! Let’s see if Eliyahu [Elihu – meaning ‘He is (my) God’] comes and rescues him.” Matthew 27:45-49 CJB
29 [Elihu continues] “But if God is silent [on behalf of the afflicted], who can accuse him; if he hides his face [from the afflicted], who can see him? 30 He may do this to [just] nations and [just] persons alike, so that godless men will not become kings, and the people [who seeing their evil deeds] will not be lured into [their] traps. Job 34:29-30 CJB
15 Stripping the rulers and authorities of their power, he [Yeshua] made a public spectacle of them [it was plain for everyone to see that the religious authorities put a just and blameless man to death simply in an effort to retain their own religious authority], triumphing over them by means of the stake. Colossians 2:15 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both accused by people who did not speak rightly about God’s justice.
7 After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me. 8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. Job 42:7-8 CJB
23 Upon being released, they went back to their friends and reported what the head cohanim and elders [who] had [not spoken rightly about God] said to them. 24 When they heard it, they raised their voices to God with singleness of heart [and spoke rightly about God]. “Master,” they prayed, “You made heaven, earth, the sea and everything in them. 25 By the Ruach HaKodesh, through the mouth of our father David, your servant, you said, ‘Why did the nations rage and the peoples devise useless plans? 26 The kings of the earth took their stand; and the rulers assembled together against ADONAI and against his Messiah.‘ 27 “This has come true in this city, since Herod and Pontius Pilate, with Goyim and the peoples of Isra’el, all assembled against your holy servant Yeshua, whom you made Messiah, 28 to do what your power and plan had already determined beforehand should happen [for the glory & honor of your Justice]. Acts 4:23-28 CJB
Job and Yeshua were both made party to offerings.
7 After ADONAI had spoken these words to Iyov, ADONAI said to Elifaz the Teimani, “My anger is blazing against you and your two friends, because, unlike my servant Iyov, you have not spoken rightly about me. 8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. Job 42:7-8a CJB
9b Although he had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, yet it pleased ADONAI [in keeping with His justice] to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, 10 to see if he [Yeshua] would present himself as a guilt offering [Leviticus 5:18-19] – Isaiah 53:9b-10a CJB
17 If someone sins by doing something against any of the mitzvot of ADONAI concerning things which should not be done, he is guilty, even if he is unaware of it [John 16:2]; and he bears the consequences of his wrongdoing. 18 He must bring a ram without defect from the flock, or its equivalent according to your appraisal, to the cohen for a guilt offering; the cohen will make atonement concerning the error which he committed, even though he was unaware of it; and he will be forgiven. 19 It is a guilt offering — he is certainly guilty before ADONAI. Leviticus 5:17-19 CJB
33 When they came to the place called The Skull, they nailed him to a stake; and they nailed the criminals to stakes, one on the right and one on the left. 34 Yeshua said, “Father, forgive them; they don’t understand what they are doing.“ Luke 23:33-34 CJB
24 If I had not done in their presence works [of justice] which no one else ever did, they would not be guilty of sin; but now, they have seen them and have hated both me and my Father. 25 But this has happened in order to fulfill the words in their Torah which read, ‘They hated me for no reason at all.‘ John 15:24-25 CJB
6 Yet there is a wisdom [regarding justice] that we are speaking to those who are mature enough for it. But it is not the wisdom of this world or of this world’s leaders [the old covenant Levitical priesthood], who are in the process of passing away. 7 On the contrary, we are communicating a secret wisdom from God which has been hidden until now but which, before history began, God had decreed would bring us [the new covenant Yeshua priesthood] glory. 8 Not one of this world’s leaders has understood it; because if they had, they would not have executed the Lord from whom this glory flows. 1 Corinthians 2:6-8 CJB
Job and Yeshua both were appointed by God as mediators – they pray for the false witnesses of God’s justice – who confess their sin – to be forgiven.
8 So now, get yourselves seven young bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Iyov, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering. My servant Iyov will pray for you — because him I will accept — so that I won’t punish you as your boorishness deserves; because you have not spoken rightly about me, as my servant Iyov has.“ 9 So Elifaz the Teimani, Bildad the Shuchi and Tzofar the Na’amati went and did what ADONAI had ordered them to do, and ADONAI accepted Iyov[‘s prayer]. Job 42:8-8 CJB
5 For God is one [the Shema]; and there is but one Mediator between God and humanity, Yeshua the Messiah, himself human, 6 who gave himself as a ransom on behalf of all, thus providing testimony to God’s purpose at just the right time. 1 Timothy 2:5-6 CJB
Job and Yeshua both have their fortunes restored.
10 When Iyov prayed for his friends, ADONAI restored his fortunes; ADONAI gave Iyov twice as much as he had had before. 11 Then all his brothers and sisters [who by typology are the prophets] came to him, also all who had known him before, and they ate a meal with him in his house. They consoled and comforted him for all the evils ADONAI had inflicted on him. Each one gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring. 12 ADONAI blessed Iyov’s later situation even more than his earlier one — he had 14,000 sheep, 6,000 camels, 1,000 pairs of oxen and 1,000 female donkeys. Job 42:10-12 CJB
31 God has exalted this man at his right hand as Ruler and Savior, in order to enable Isra’el to do t’shuvah and have her sins forgiven. 32 We are witnesses to these things; so is the Ruach HaKodesh, whom God has given to those who obey him.“ Acts 5:31-32 CJB
9 Therefore God raised him to the highest place and gave him the name above every name; Philippians 2:9 CJB
Job & Yeshua are both given a beautiful offspring and long life.
13 He also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 The first he named Y’mimah; the second, K’tzi’ah; and the third, Keren-Hapukh. 15 Nowhere in the land could women be found as beautiful as Iyov’s daughters; and their father gave them inheritances along with their brothers. 16 After this, Iyov lived 140 years, long enough to see his sons and grandsons, four generations. 17 Then, old and full of days, Iyov died. Job 42:13-15 CJB
26 For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this [same] trusting faithfulness [pursuit of justice]; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Also, if you belong to the Messiah, you are seed of Avraham and heirs according to the promise. Galatians 3:26-29 CJB
10 yet it pleased ADONAI to crush him [Yeshua] with illness, to see if he would present himself as a guilt offering. If he does, he will see his offspring; and he will prolong his days; and at his hand ADONAI’s desire [for justice] will be accomplished. Isaiah 53:10 CJB
Job and Yeshua with the Spirit’s help both overcame Satan’s temptations.
3 Yes, think about him [Yeshua] who endured such hostility against himself from sinners, so that you won’t grow tired or become despondent. 4 You [like Job] have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in the contest against sin. 5 Also you have forgotten the counsel which speaks with you as sons: “My son, don’t despise the discipline of ADONAI or become despondent when he corrects you. 6 For ADONAI disciplines those he loves and whips everyone he accepts as a son.” 7 Regard your endurance as discipline; God is dealing with you as sons. For what son goes undisciplined by his father? 8 All legitimate sons undergo discipline; so if you don’t, you’re a mamzer and not a son! 9 Furthermore, we had physical fathers who disciplined us, and we respected them; how much more should we submit to our spiritual Father and live! 10 For they disciplined us only for a short time and only as best they could; but he disciplines us in a way that provides genuine benefit to us and enables us to share in his holiness. 11 Now, all discipline, while it is happening, does indeed seem painful, not enjoyable; but for those who have been trained by it, it later produces its peaceful fruit, which is righteousness [right justice]. Hebrews 12:3-11 CJB
15 For we do not have a cohen gadol unable to empathize with our weaknesses; since in every respect he was tempted just as we are, the only difference being that he did not sin. 16 Therefore, let us confidently approach the throne from which God gives grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace in our time of need. Hebrews 4:15-16 CJB
One of the things I love most about the book of Job is that it challenges us with regard to the questions we ask and the judgments we make. Oftentimes, our questions and statements reveal the judgment we have already made.
Which question deserves our greater attention?
“Who sinned, this man or his parents?” or “Have we spoken rightly about God?”
Something to ponder…
[My commentary in brackets]